GLONASS to protect signals of future satellites from hacker attacks


The Transport Safety Forum was held in St. Petersburg last week, in which the Chief Designer of GLONASS JSC Mikhail Korablev took part. He reported that the new Federal Target Program has a task to protect signals of future satellites from hacker attacks.

It is worth noting that GLONASS is a Russian satellite navigation system, one of only two fully functioning global satellite navigation systems in the world for today.

According to Mr Korablev, the task is to improve the accuracy of the GLONASS system and to increase the security of the signal, to combat spoofing (an attack on a satellite in which a navigation signal is faked).

"The attack of the ship management system is a problem. All ships use satellite navigation. There is a confirmed fact of information attacks on ships that do not allow making it possible to determine the location. Therefore, one of the tasks of the new program, in addition to improving accuracy, is to increase security," said Korablev.

It is not yet known how the satellite signal will be protected because the new Federal Target Program for the development of the GLONASS navigation system for the period 2021-2030 has not yet been approved. Currently, it is in the process of negotiation and should soon be sent for approval to the Government of the Russian Federation.

In the future, the entire GLONASS navigation system will be upgraded to the new GLONASS-K2 devices, which are fully assembled on the basis of domestic products. The first GLONASS-K2 satellite is scheduled to be launched into orbit at the end of 2019 - the beginning of 2020. It’s interesting to note that, currently, the GLONASS system orbital network includes 26 satellites.

The Kremlin commented on the publication of Mueller's report

The report of the US Special Prosecutor Robert Mueller does not contain any evidence of Russian interference in the American elections, said Dmitry Peskov, Press Secretary of the Russian President. He expressed regret that documents of such poor quality influence Russian-American relations.

The American authorities on the eve, April 19, published an edited version of the report of Mueller. The preparation of the report took about two years. The US Special Prosecutor investigated the possible interference of Russia in the US elections in 2016, the Trump team’s conspiracy with the Russian authorities, as well as whether the US President obstructed justice.

Mueller concluded that there was no collusion between the headquarters of American President Donald Trump and Russia. At the same time, according to the Special Prosecutor, Russia tried to influence the elections in the United States, acting in social networks and by hacking the mail servers of the Democratic Party.

"So, where did the American taxpayer’s money go? But let the American taxpayers themselves ask these questions," Peskov concluded.

According to him, the published report does not contain any new information. "All the information was in different media earlier. The report does not have reasoned evidence that the Russian Federation intervened in the electoral process in America. We still do not accept such accusations," Peskov added.

It should be noted that in December it became known that the US Department of Justice spent about $30 million for carrying out investigation about Russian intervention.

The Russian Foreign Ministry is also convinced that the report of the Muller does not contain a single piece of evidence. This was stated by Georgiy Borisenko, Director of the North America Department of the Russian Foreign Ministry.

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An ex-FSB officer was sentenced to seven years in prison in the case of State treason



The Moscow City Court sentenced to seven years in prison an entrepreneur and ex-FSB officer Georgii Fomchenkov. The case was heard behind closed doors because of secrecy.

Recall that Fomchenkov was arrested on December 5, 2016. He is the fourth defendant involved in the case of State treason of employees of the FSB. So, Sergei Mikhailov, the Head of one of the divisions of the Information Security Center of FSB, his subordinate major Dmitrii Dokuchaev and Ruslan Stoyanov, an employee of the Computer Incident Investigation Department of Kaspersky Lab, were arrested in this case. It should be noted that Ruslan worked until 2006 in law enforcement agencies.

It is known that Mikhailov received 22 years in prison and a fine of 400 thousand rubles, Stoyanov received 14 years and a fine of 150 thousand rubles.

According to media reports, the defendants are accused of transferring secret information to foreign intelligence services. 

Colonel Mikhailov and his subordinates carried out operational development in the case of Pavel Vrublevskii, the founder and CEO of the processing company Chronopay. It turned out that they gave the FBI secret information about the ways and methods of conducting operational and investigative activities in the case of Vrublevskii, who is considered to be a cybercriminal in the United States. They earned on the sale of State secrets 10 million rubles.

In addition, Fomchenkov previously engaged in business on the Internet. In the early 2000s, he had the payment services that were popular among the webmasters of pornography sites, spammers, and owners of pharmacy resources.

An interesting fact is that the detention of Stoyanov and Mikhailov happened shortly after the arrest of Vladimir Anikeev, the Head of the hacker group Humpty - Dumpty. Officially, the FSB does not connect these two events. However, Anikeev was interrogated in the case of Fomchenkov.

WhatsApp May Oppose the Demand for Traceability of Messages




The government wants to probe into the sources of inciting and provocative messages and posts which have led to violence across the nation, incidents of lynching and various other controversial issues.

In order to do so, it has proposed certain guidelines that would require Whatsapp to unveil information regarding the origins of messages.

As doing so will contradict the end-to-end encryption WhatsApp provides, the company will oppose the proposed regulations. It will also be violating free speech and privacy rights. 

The intermediary guidelines which are reported to be made public after elections will include jail terms and penalties for heads and officials of various messaging platforms and social media companies for non-compliance.

Reasoning WhatsApp’s failure to act in accordance with the proposed guidelines, a person said, “WhatsApp feels the proposed guidelines are too broad and not in sync with privacy protection norms that are important to people everywhere,”

“What is expected from the rules is just not possible considering the end-to-end encryption the company provides — it would mean a new product.” He added.

The Facebook-owned app, which did not answer all the questions, believes that confidentiality is one of the key aspects of what they have to offer. They feel that gathering private information of users is contradictory to the whole idea of WhatsApp which was primarily designed to keep the conversations private. 

Putting the same into perspective, another person said, “The company will continue to push back against government’s attempts that it feels weaken its end-to-end encryption feature,”

While defending its stance on safety and privacy, WhatsApp previously said, “People rely on WhatsApp for all kinds of sensitive conversations, including with their doctors, banks, and families. The police also use WhatsApp to discuss investigations and report crimes,”  

“Attributing messages on WhatsApp would undermine end-to-end encryption and the private nature of WhatsApp, creating the potential for serious misuse. Our focus is on improving WhatsApp and working closer with others in society to help keep people safe.” 

Reasserting the intention of the government, an official told ET, “They don’t or refuse to understand this — we don’t want you to look into the video or the audio or content, just tell us where (it began) or who started it,”

Understanding the concern of national security and integrity, WhatsApp said that it has made essential changes in the product and has addressed misinformation via public education campaigns. Besides that, the company also made necessary alterations like limiting the times a message can be forwarded and letting people exit groups in one tap.

However, the government did not seem to be satisfied with these alterations and has continued to request for traceability.










The Russian Foreign Ministry demanded an apologizy from an American journalist

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) of Russia believes that American journalists, who for two years unreasonably accused Russia of interfering in the US presidential election in 2016, should apologize to Russia. The representative of the MFA Maria Zakharova announced this it in the program "60 minutes" on the main Russian Federal channel.

In addition, Zakharova harshly criticized in her Facebook page the American journalist and political scientist Fareed Zakaria.

We are talking about a speech devoted to the conclusions of Special Prosecutor Muller, where Zakaria points to a number of facts showing the existence of a connection between Trump and the Kremlin. Maria Zakharova believes that Zakaria profaned the Russian, and the Americans once again faced with one-sided propaganda. Therefore, he must apologize to the two nations, not only to Trump.

According to the Russian diplomat, Zakaria and other journalists should first apologize to the Russians before again conducting broadcasts, laying out their forecasts and conclusions.

The diplomat added that Moscow intends to analyze quotes and clippings from programs in which the audience was convinced of Trump's connections with Russia. After that, the detected materials will be submitted to international organizations for investigation.



Moldovan Parliament Speaker accused Russia of trying to interfere in the elections


Andrian Candu, Speaker of the Moldovan Parliament, Vice-Chairman of the Democratic Party, said that Russia tried to interfere in the electoral process in Moldova.

As previously stated by the official representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Maria Zakharova, Russia does not interfere in the elections in Moldova. Moscow has repeatedly denied accusations of trying to influence the elections in different countries and stressed that there is no evidence to confirm this.

Candu told reporters that the Russian authorities used a number of tools to influence the election campaign. "This includes the Amnesty for migrants, and the removal of customs duties, and the situation with the pilots rescued from Afghanistan," the politician said.

However, the President of Moldova, Igor Dodon, denied the allegations Andrian Candu.

"Russia does not interfere in our elections, and the speaker's statements are blasphemous," Dodon said after visiting the polling station.

The President accused the Democrats of carrying out an anti-Russian policy and that they did not care about the difficulties of Moldovan producers, who lost the main Russian market.

The Head of State expressed the hope that the vote will help change the Parliament and Government and improve the difficult situation in the country.

US intelligence warns of Russian cyber attacks to interfere in the Ukrainian elections


It has long been known about Moscow's plans to influence the results of the presidential election in Ukraine. In recent years, Western countries have a new tradition of accusing Russia of such interference.

In the National Intelligence Agency of the USA believes that Russia will use cybertechnology for interference in the presidential election in Ukraine on March 31. This was stated by the Head of the National Intelligence Agency Dan Coats at the hearings in the US Senate Intelligence Committee.

Also, Dan Coats said that hackers from Russia can make attacks during the upcoming US elections in 2020.

It is known that the United States is ready to protect Ukraine from Russian interference in the elections, as declared by the President Donald Trump's national security advisor, John Bolton, during a visit the capital city of Ukraine (Kiev) in August last year.

In turn, the Head of the Foreign Intelligence Service of Ukraine Egor Bozhok recently said that the Russian Special Services received 350 million $ to interfere in the Ukrainian elections.

"The Kremlin will definitely try to interfere in the elections in Ukraine because Russia used to do this with the United States and African countries" - said the Head of the Security Service of Ukraine Vasily Gritsak.

The Security Service of Ukraine, the National Police and the Prosecutor General's Office are ready to resist Russian interference and know where Moscow can strike. Most actively Moscow is trying to make an information attack on Ukraine through TV screens. In addition, Russia uses information propaganda, cyber provocations, financially supports candidates and will try to capture polling stations.

Pavel Durov says they are Not closing Telegram service in Russian and Iran


Just a few days ago, Russian and other media reported that Telegram CEO Pavel Durov is ready to close his business in Russia or Iran. However, Durov denied in his VKontakte(VK) account that it is an incorrect information.

In the VK post, he said that Telegram will to continue to provide a secure messaging service in problem markets like Russia and Iran, despite the pressure of regulators and the threat of blocking. But, the media came up with different headlines saying "Durov announced his readiness to close Telegram", "Durov threatened to close Telegram in Russia". However, Durov said that some Russian media like Meduza, Vedomosti, DP.ru has provided correct information.

"Russian media often quote inaccurate translations of what I publish on Twitter and my channel." Durov said in VK.

Recently, Iran opened a criminal case against Telegram CEO stating that the Telegram is being used by pedophile for distributing child pornography.

"I am surprised to hear that. We are actively blocking terrorist and pornographic content in Iran. I think the real reasons are different." Durov responded to the accusation in his twitter account.

Recall that just a few weeks ago, the Russian Federation threatened to block Telegram and reported that this encrypted messenger was actively used by Islamic radicals during the preparation of the bombings in Saint-Petersburg subway. The head of the Ministry of Communications and Mass Media said: "Telegram will be blocked, if it will work not in accordance with the current Russian legislation".

Durov hopes that the legal situation in the Russian Federation and Iran will change in future.

- Christina

 

Hacked documents: Headache of U.S. officials

United States officials are now worried about the hacked data may put their spies at risk. The hacked documents by the Chinese hackers has become a headache for the U.S. officials as they believe  Chinese government could use the stolen records of millions of federal workers and contractors to piece together the identities of intelligence officers secretly posted in China over the years.

However, some officials in the President Obama administration said that the theft was not as damaging as it might have been because the Chinese hackers did not gain access to the identities of American undercover spies.

Similarly, it is still unclear that how Chinese officials were using or might use the stolen files, which include personal information gathered during background checks of government workers.

According to a news report published in NYTimes, it would be a significant setback for intelligence agencies already concerned that a recent data breach at the Office of Personnel Management is a major windfall for Chinese espionage efforts.

In the days after the breach of records of millions of federal workers and contractors became public last month.

The C.I.A. officials said intelligence agencies were taking steps to try to mitigate the damage however, it is not clear what are they doing.

According to the news report, “The information that was exfiltrated was valuable in its own right,” said Representative Adam B. Schiff of California, the top Democrat on the House Intelligence Committee. “It’s even more compromising when it is used in combination with other information they may hold. It may take years before we’re aware of the full extent of the damage.”

“The C.I.A. and other agencies typically post their spies in American embassies, where the officers pose as diplomats working on political affairs, agricultural policy or other issues,” the report read.

It is said that even if the identities of the agency officers were not in the personnel office’s database, Chinese intelligence operatives could run searches through the database on everyone granted visas to work at American diplomatic outposts in China.

During an interview, the director of the National Security Agency, Adm. Michael S. Rogers, “From an intelligence perspective, it gives you great insight potentially used for counterintelligence purposes,”


 “If I’m interested in trying to identify U.S. persons who may be in my country — and I am trying to figure out why they are there: Are they just tourists? Are they there for some other alternative purpose?  There are interesting insights from the data you take from O.P.M,” he added.

Chinese Huawei allegedly hacked into Indian state-owned Telecoms company BSNL

Parliament of India was informed on Wednesday that the State-owned Telecoms Company Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited(BSNL)'s network was allegedly hacked by a Chinese Telecom equipment maker Huawei.

"The government has constituted an inter-ministerial team to investigate the matter."Killi Kruparani, Minister of State for Communications and IT, told the Lok Sabha.

According to reports,  the engineers of Huawei allegedly hacked a BSNL's mobile tower in Coastal area of Andhra Pradesh in October 2013.

India has launched an investigation, the investigation team is comprise of top officials from National Security council Secretariat, Intelligence Bureau, Union home ministry and BSNL.

It is worth to note that BSNL has offered a major part of its network expansion tender to another Chinese company ZTE in 2012.  The goverment suspects it might be the "inter-corporate rivalry" between these two chinese companies.

Huawei India denies allegations of hacking BSNL's network, said it will continue to work with Indian customers and Government and ready to help in addressing any network security issues.

NETRA - An Internet spy system to be launched by Indian Government


Think twice before using words like "bomb", "blast", "kill", "attack" in your emails, blogs, tweets, facebook status or any other social network status updates.

Using such kind of words will put you under a surveillance of Indian security agencies.

"NETRA", is an Internet Spy System, developed by Centre for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics (CAIR), a lab under Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO), which is capable of detecting mala fide message, reports Times of India.

Besides status update in social networks, the NETRA project is capable of capture any dubious voice traffic passing thorough VOIP services such as Skype or Google Talk.

"When Netra is operationalized, security agencies will get a big handle on monitoring activities of dubious people and organizations which use Internet to carry out their nefarious designs," a government official said.

Indian Election Commission-Google tie up may impact National Security


Thanks to Our Indian Election Commission for tie up with the "US Based" Internet Giant Google, Now NSA can easily get the info of every Indian citizen.

According to Times of India, Google and Election Commission have entered into an agreement under which Google will help EC to manage online registration of new voters and facilitation services ahead of the 2014 elections.

The registered voters can check the address at which they are registered and get directions to the nearest polling station.

Cyber Security experts says the EC'S move will impact national security and democracy itself.

"It is shocking that in a country like India which is called world's software superpower, Election Commission, instead of an Indian company, has chosen a foreign company like Google, which has colluded with American intelligence agencies like NSA (National Security Agency) for global cyberspying, to provide electoral registration and facilitation services by providing them the whole database of registered voters in India," TOI quoted the Indian Infosec Consortium as saying.

The group said it will pose a potential risk to India, as the data could possibly misused by Google and US agencies for cyber espionage.

Rajsekhar Murthy, another member of the consortium, said the poll panel should have spoken to Indian companies such as Infosys or TCS before jumping into such a decision. "Cost wise it is not much," he said.

Convicted Hackers could be recruited for UK cyber defence force


I consider this is best move by the United Kingdom- recruiting a convicted computers hackers for the Cyber Defence force.  The best way to improve the cyber security is hiring a hackers.

Lieutenant Colonel Michael White told BBC that even convicted hackers could be recruited if they pass security vetting.  He also added that the recruitment process will be based on "capability development" of a person instead of "personality traits".

Hundreds of computer experts are expected to be recruited by the British Ministry of Defence as cyber reservists to help defend the national security.

"The Cyber Reserves will be an essential part of ensuring we defend our national security in cyberspace." the Defence Secretary, Philip Hammond noted in September.  "This is an exciting opportunity for internet experts in industry to put their skills to good use for the nation, protecting our vital computer systems and capabilities"

South Korean Defense Ministry Bans Smartphones usage to prevent Military data leaks


South Korean Defense Ministry is banning their staffs from using the Interent connectivity and Camera functions inside the Ministry's building in a move to prevent the Military information leaks, according to the Yonhap News

According to the newly implement mobile device management plan, the employees will be required to install a smartphone app that deactivates the most of the smartphone features while they are inside building.

Employees will still be able to make phone calls or using the text messages but those who have Apple iPhone only allowed to do that.

Visitors won't be allowed to carrying any mobile phones inside the Ministry's building. The plan goes into effect from July 15. 

The defense ministry said a trial run will be held first and it would consider revising it if necessary.