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NATO's Cloud Platform Hacked

 

The SOA & IdM platform is utilized by NATO and is classified as secret. It was used to conduct various critical functions inside the Polaris programme. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), commonly known as the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance made up of 30 European and North American countries. 

The organization is responsible for carrying out the North Atlantic Treaty, which was signed on April 04, 1949. NATO is a collective defense organization in which NATO's independent member states commit to defending each other in the event of an external attack. NATO's headquarters are in Haren, Brussels, Belgium, and Allied Command Operations' headquarters is near Mons, Belgium. 

Polaris was developed as part of NATO's IT modernization effort and uses the SOA & IdM platform to provide centralized security, integration, and hosting information management. The military alliance classified the platform as a secret because it performs multiple key roles. 

According to the hackers, they used a backdoor to make copies of the data on this platform and attempted to blackmail Everis. They went even further, making jokes about handing over the stolen material to Russian intelligence. 

Paul Howland, Polaris Program Officer explained the benefits of the program: “This project has the potential to be a game-changer in how NATO will develop and deploy its operational services in the future. It will drive innovation and reduce costs. Operational by ensuring a much greater reuse of deployed capacities". 

The hackers who carried out the attack said they had no idea they could take advantage of a flaw in the NATO platform at first. Furthermore, they concentrated solely on Everis' corporate data in Latin America, despite NATO's announcement that it was ready to respond to a cyber-attack. One of the secure NATO systems was among Everis' subsidiaries, much to their astonishment. 

After analyzing the company and discovering documents connected to drones and military defense systems, the hackers continued stealing more data from Everis networks. They justified their actions by claiming that they were not "for peace on earth and in the cyber world" when they slowed the development of the Polaris programme. The hackers sought a ransom of XMR 14,500 from Everis in exchange for not linking the company's identity to the LATAM Airlines data breach. They've also demanded this money in exchange for not revealing any NATO data.

Japan Ups Its Cyber-Warfare Game; Becomes a Member of NATO.

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Cautiously judging China for possible cyber threats, on December 2, Japan in actuality became a new contributor in NATO’s cyber-security war strategies by becoming a member.

Up till 2018, only an observer, Japan moved up its status in the field of “cyber-warfare”.

The Defense Ministry of Japan reportedly mentioned that it has very little experience when it comes to international exercises. There are several things and issues they need to work on, the language barrier being on the list.

The Cyber defenses Japan had to offer so far have always been a matter of criticism compared especially with those of the western nations which made them wonder about any possible cyber-suffrage that could be caused.

China’s infamous cyber-history includes several hacker organizations that are clearly blossoming. From attacks on the government to corporate servers, they’ve done it all.

Reportedly, China is feared to have massive cyber-attack efficacies to match that of Russia’s and that’s what’s causing the U.S and the other European countries to lose sleep.

Pondering over data breaches, Washington has urged other nations to shun Chinese-made telecommunication gear for their “fifth-generation wireless infrastructure”.

The NATO’s Cyber Coalition has its command center in Estonia and proposes one of the world’s greatest exercises of its type. It’s in full swing, with participants like Ukraine, the European Union, and the U.S. totaling up to over 30.

As part of the cyber-security exercise, the “Cyber Coalition” drills model situations that vary from “state compromised computer systems” to the role of cyber-attacks in cross-border battles and even defense against virtual enemies.

Cyber Space Is Now A New Domain?


All the member countries of The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) are confident that all the member countries would retaliate if even a single member country is under cyber-attack.

The member countries include European countries, the US and Canada.

According to Article 5 of the founding treaty of NATO, “a collective defence commitment” could be made under the above circumstances. The article hasn’t been provoked since the 9/11 attack.

Per sources, “Cyber-space” has been designated as a domain which shall be defended and operated effectively like land, sea and air.

NATO hasn’t made such claims for the first time. The “Wannacry ransomware” attack which had wreaked havoc in the UK and NHS didn’t get the support of the Article 5.

There is no doubting the fact that considering an attack on one country as an attack on other countries too will be a herculean task when it comes to implementation.

The aspects and dimensions of an attack when it comes to cyber-crime and cyber-space are way different and abstract as compared to other forms of war.

Countries like Russia and Ukraine have been a part of such debates for quite some time now and there is no resolving and finding out the actual dimensions of an “attack”.