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Showing posts with label Money Laundering. Show all posts

Uttarakhand, India Special Task Force Exposed a China Based Money Laundering Racket

 

The Police of Uttarakhand, India claimed that the web racket has duped naïve investors with at least 250cr Rs by guaranteeing to almost double their money in just 15 days but rather by turning it out in the cryptocurrency. 

Pawan Kumar Pandey was detained on a Monday night from Gautam Buddh Nagar, Noida a district in Uttar Pradesh, who is accused of running a ghost corporation to transfer his defrauded money to his alleged "handler in China." He has been caught with his 19 laptops, 592 SIM, 5 mobile phones, 4 ATM cards, and a passport. 

Uttarakhand police chief (DGP) Ashok Kumar said that after two Haridwar locals, Rohit Kumar and Rahul Kumar Goyal had complained about this scam the racket was scrutinized. 

“A week ago, they claimed that one of their friends told them about a mobile app on Google Play Store named Power Bank, which doubled returns on investment within 15 days. Believing him, they downloaded the app and deposited ₹91,200 and ₹73000,” said Kumar. 

However, after one month of making the deposit, when they didn't receive any returns, they realized that they were tricked, he added. 

The special task force launched a test to find out that the relevant mobile app was available on the Google Play Store from February 2021 to May 12, 2021, during which a minimum of 50 lakh individuals installed the application. Police also established that the money deposited through the app was moved to the detained person's bank accounts via payment gates. 

He said the money was subsequently converted into cryptocurrencies. The application was connected to China during the cyber forensic examination, where Pandey's operators reside. They used to cash the cryptocurrencies into their local currencies to complete the money laundering chain, that began with the Indians being duped by the app. 

“In this case too, they partnered with Pandey and used his identity documents to register a shadow company with the Registrar of Companies (RoC) and to open two bank accounts, where the money siphoned off from the victims was deposited. They opened a shadow company in Noida named Purple Hui Zing Zihao. Pandey was registered as the company’s owner and the firm was shown as the developer of the fraudulent app,” said Bharne, Uttarakhand’s deputy inspector general (law & order). 

Pandey added that though he earned commissions from the Chinese accused, the bank accounts and the business was handled remotely. He had received a salary payment of 1.50 lakh from the Chinese. He also told cops that his operators are using the same modus operandi, as there are many other identical apps. Initially, however, the accused doubled certain investments to win the confidence of future investors. 

“We have taken at least 20 such shadow companies under our radar for suspected fraudulent activities like the above-mentioned one. We have received 20 other similar complaints from people in the state and they [the complaints] are under probe,” the senior police officer said.

Creator of McAfee Antivirus Software Charged For Conspiracy?

 

Creator of McAfee antivirus software, Businessman John McAfee is charged under a conspiracy to commit fraud and money laundering in the U.S. McAfee and his bodyguard Jimmy Gale Watson Jr are found guilty of advertising cryptocurrencies on Mr. McAfee's huge Twitter follower base to inflate prices. As per prosecutors, these currencies were then sold, earning a total of $2m (€1.45 M). The accused have not issued any response to the charges made.  Currently, McAfee (age 75) is under detention in Spain due to separate charges relating to tax fraud, that he is denying. 

The fresh charges were filed in the Manhattan Federal Court, New York. He is facing potential extradition to the U.S, whereas Watson was captured earlier this week. According to BBC, "in 2012, he made headlines after police in the Central American country of Belize investigated the death of one Mr. McAfee's neighbors and named him as a 'person of interest'. Mr. McAfee left the country saying he feared for his own safety. Officials ultimately said he was not a suspect." McAfee and his bodyguard are accused of buying promoting the cryptocurrency assets on Twitter, where Mr. McAfee has millions of followers. 

As per the US justice department and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission, the plan was to sell these assets the moment the asset's price rose. The pair is said to make $11M (€8m) from the cryptocurrency startup payments via promoting the assets on Twitter, while the investors who bought them were unaware of the payments. As per the federal prosecutor, this equals exploiting a widely used social media platform (in this case Twitter) and the enthusiasm of investors in the growing cryptocurrency sector to profit millions via deceit and lies. In the former case which was disclosed the previous year. 

Mr. McAfee was charged for not filing tax returns from 2014-2018. He is also accused of using different people's names to hide his assets which include a yacht and property. "The entrepreneur, who was born in the UK, also launched unsuccessful bids to become the Libertarian Party's candidate for the US presidential elections in 2016 and 2020. Mr. McAfee has previously expressed his disdain for taxes, tweeting in 2019 that he had not filed tax returns for years because "taxation is illegal", reports BBC.  

3 Unique Procedures to Counter Money Laundering in India

 

The main weapon used by money launders to launder cash is bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies alternatives. India’s cryptocurrency exchanges deployed their own KYC regulations and anti-money laundering protocols for users.

Nishal Shetty, CEO of India’s largest cryptocurrency exchange WazirX said we follow all the necessary protocols such as asking users for ID and address proof like Aadhar and PAN Card. Our platform also emphasizes that money must come from the concerned customers' bank account and not from the third party bank account.

Cryptocurrency exchanges use various procedures to conduct KYC, one such method is penny drop. Penny drop method helps in verifying the user’s personal information and bank details, for example, a token of 10 rupees is transferred to the user’s account to confirm bank account details. This method confirms the account holder’s name as registered with the bank, to the transferor.

Neeraj Khandelwal, co-founder of CoinDCX stated that “for corporate clients who are given higher trading limits, more documents like articles of association, board resolutions authorizing crypto investment, etc. are needed”.

Chainlink is one of the most familiar software among cryptocurrency exchanges which helps in identifying rogue addresses. Khandelwal further stated “we use a globally renowned crypto AML tool to check for blacklisted crypto addresses. If a legitimate user has got crypto from such an address, maybe through peer-to-peer and he or she wants to transact on our exchange, we ask for additional KYC such as source of funds and profession”.

Bitcoins and other cryptos are not held in bank or demat accounts contrary to other financial assets such as stocks, bonds, and FDs. The cold wallet is the method that can be used for holding on to the bitcoins and other cryptos, it is the hardware device or even paper that is not linked to the internet. Therefore, cold wallets cannot be easily seized by law enforcement authorities.

In 2020, cybercriminals started laundering four times more money

According to the Kaspersky Fraud Prevention report, in 2020, attackers most often tried to make unauthorized money transfers by using a compromised account (in 36% of cases) or by infecting the device with malware (31%).

In 2019, malware attacks were the absolute leader, 63% of the total number was recorded. The share of incidents related to money laundering increased fourfold this year and amounted to 12%.

Hackers use complex and multi-stage money laundering schemes: they change accounts, companies, presentation, currency, and jurisdiction many times. In this regard, financial organizations need to build a cybersecurity system in such a way as to minimize the possibility of hacking, as well as to promptly monitor any illegitimate actions.

In e-commerce, the most common form of fraud is the abuse of welcome bonuses in loyalty programs. The scheme is quite simple: attackers massively register accounts in the marketplace, receive welcome bonus points, and buy products with a discount under the bonus program. For example, in one case, a fraudster bought diapers and candy and then sold the purchased goods at a profit on popular trading platforms. In the future, the created accounts were not used, their average life was 1-2 days.

"As before, one of the most common methods of fraud is the use of applications with remote access tools. Also, the attackers have mastered the scheme of spoofing numbers for incoming calls. Bank customers, unfortunately, are often deceived, because they are used to the fact that a real call from a financial institution can be made from different numbers. The Kaspersky Fraud Prevention platform, aimed specifically at banks and other financial institutions, allows tracking the activity of hackers by analyzing a variety of parameters, including user behavior, device parameters, and the presence of malicious or dangerous programs," said Ekaterina Danilova, Business Development Manager at Kaspersky Fraud Prevention.