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OTP Generating Firm at a Risk, as Hacker Claims to have Sold its Sensitive Data

 

A hacker seems to sell confidential information that is claimed to have been robbed from an OTP firm. And this OTP firm perhaps has some of the most prominent technology and business giants on its customer's board list which includes Google, Facebook, Amazon, Emirates, Apple, Microsoft, Signal, Telegram, and Twitter, etc. 

A one-time password ( OTP ), also called a one-time pin or dynamic password is a legitimate password on something like a computer system, or even on a digital device, for a single login or transaction. Besides, the very same hacker claims to also have real-time access to the company's OTP device. The InfoSec researcher, Rajshekar Rajaharia, however, didn’t agree with the hacker behind the identification of such a suspected breach. 

“The seller was active on the dark web forum for a long time claiming to sell live access to OTP and 2FA but from what we have seen there are some chances that the data might be old as we have found some clues that changes have been made with dates. Nevertheless, we are still investigating because data seems real otherwise,” stated Rajaharia. 

Rajaharia also provided sample information with confirmation of the presence of one-time codes and even if not all of them are currently available or legitimate, a purchaser might find valuable work throughout the platform and its policies. It offered 50GB of exfiltrated data, among several other details. The cost of access was reduced from $18,000 to $5,000 for the introductory mark. Though the name of the company is listed in the listing, for security purposes it is considered unethical to disclose it. 

Other details included in the selling package are PII, including SMS logs, mobile numbers, e-mail addresses, SMPP details, customer documentation, and much more. Since 2017, the data itself is comprehensive. The seller switched the listing from the dark web marketplace to Telegram, as per the latest revelation, where sales were continued, however, the number of buyers was unknown. Also, 10 million OTPs appear in the data packs. 

The company in conversation refused all data infringement charges by claiming that perhaps the systems were as stable as ever and it could not verify the authenticity of the alleged data. 

Also, the National Stock Exchange of India received a letter from them, which reads, “We would like to highlight that unverified posts and claims are being circulated about an alleged data breach at [company’s name retracted]. Based on the evidence we have seen thus far, it is not from any of our current systems, and therefore we cannot verify the authenticity of the alleged data breach.” 

However, the company stated that they were engaged with an expert in a third party to support them in its system audit, so it would be noticed and uprooted if there was a web shell in there.

The User Data of Swarmshop Card Shop has been Leaked Online

 

The details of the Swarmshop Darknet payment card market have been removed for the second time in two years and published on a competing underground website. The breach includes all of Swarmshop's records and all the data exchanged on the platform with the stolen credit card. 

Group-IB, the global threat chasing business, has detected that Swarmshop credit card shop consumer data was leaked on the internet on 17 March 2021. As per the Group IB, details of 623,036 bank cards provided by banks in the US, Canada, United Kingdom, China, Singapore, France, Brazil, Saudi Arabia, and Mexico have been dumped into the Swarmshop dump. 

Though recently, Swarmshop Carding Store seems to have been a common, illegal digital shopping market where cybercriminals were permitted to sell and buy stolen card and banking information. However, it remains unclear as to who has extracted this information, or how and when. The leak revealed massive amounts of data comprising data on four website operators, 90 sellers, and 12,250 purchasers. The researchers have written, "The dump included criminals' nicknames, hashed passwords and account balance and contact details for some entries.” 

The researchers also found that “498 sets of online banking account credentials and 69,592 sets of US Social Security Numbers and Canadian Social Insurance Numbers.” 

The one who breached Swarmshop did not warn the hacker and only sent a message with a connection to the database. At first, the administrators of the Card Shop claimed that the information was linked to a prior breach of the platform by a hacker in January 2020. However, their passwords were requested to be modified. Group-IB reviewed the current dump and found it fresh based on the most recent timestamps for user operation. 

“While underground forums get hacked from time to time, card shop breaches do not happen very often,” Dmitry Volkov, Group-IB’s CTO, said in a statement. “In addition to buyers’ and sellers’ data, such breaches expose massive amounts of compromised payment and personal information of regular users.” 

For decades, hackers have hacked other hackers. It seems quite simple for them to gain access to new hacking instruments, dumps, cards, PII, and value products than to hack people who steal them first of all. It is not surprising that Swarmshop has been successfully breached several times. Like everybody else, cybercriminals have security problems. It only shows that cybersecurity is a hard issue regardless of who you are. 

In Swarmshop's case, researchers seem to think that the attack is yet another criminal's business. About one year ago, a set of information has also been compromised. The site underwent a similar attack. No matter who is responsible, researchers believe that the breach would affect Swarmshop's position on cybercrime.

Top VPN Provider Zyxel Hacked, Here's a Quick Look into the Security Incident

 

Technology and networking have turned out to be the need of the hour and we must also be equally qualified to operate networking devices. One such innovation-oriented and customer-focused company is Zyxel. The network equipment company offers routers, gateways, security solutions along with several other services to make communication simpler and uninterrupted. One of the company's main services also includes providing VPN services to its patrons. Recently, the aforesaid communications corp. became a swift target for hackers because of undetected flaws in the networking devices and their VPN. 

Headquartered in Hsinchu, Taiwan Zyxel is a networking hardware company, focused on providing devices with eHome Shield that is geared up by F-Secure to give lasting protection against cybercriminals worldwide and other potential threats as well. It's a wide known fact how hackers employ specialized programming to easily break through the firewall of networking devices and access the other smart home gadgets and devices running on the compromised connection – for instance, Smart TVs, Mobile Phones, Laptops, etc. 

A while ago, an association of some cybersecurity researchers of a Dutch firm named 'Eye Control' discovered a prospective damaging the security of the system and a popular VPN solution and networking agency, Zyxel, making it more vulnerable. 

Although Zyxel has produced and transported some hundred thousand highly encrypted devices with zero percent of compromising security still it malfunctioned. This vulnerability was later confirmed by the firm itself. 

Now the question that arises is what happened and how did the hackers manage to enter the encrypted system of such a big firm with ease? 

According to the cybersecurity researchers, the backdoor account of Zyxel devices and VPN uses a username and password that were completely visible in the plain text within the Zyxel system binaries, that were running firmware version 4.60, patch 0. These credentials allowed hackers to completely access the confidential information of the users of Zyxel devices. 

After further investigation, the team of researchers concluded that the hundred thousand devices that were affected by the vulnerability were because of the latest version of the firmware update 4.60, patch 0. The Zyxel devices affected by the vulnerability included the Advanced Threat Protection series of devices, the company’s NCX series of devices, its VPN of Gateways, and a few more. 

The company has already issued new patches for the Advanced Threat Protection series (ATP), Unified Security Gateway (USG), USG Flex, and VPN series. Alongside, it has also affirmed that it would release another patch for the remaining compromised devices like the WLAN access point controller, NCX series, etc., and will launch its new update around April for better fixation of devices and safety. Till then it has requested its consumers to download the available new patches with the latest updates for the devices to ensure their safety. 

Teen hacker-for-hire jailed for SIM-swapping attacks, data theft


A British teenager has been sentenced to 20 months in prison after offering hacker-for-hire services to cash in on trends including SIM-swapping attacks.

The UK's Norfolk police force said that 19-year-old Elliot Gunton, of Norwich, was sentenced at Norwich Crown Court on Friday after pleading guilty to hacking offenses. money laundering, the hacking of an Australian Instagram account, and the breach of a Sexual Harm Prevention Order.

In April 2018, a routine visit was conducted to Gunton's home with respect to the Sexual Harm Prevention Order that was imposed in 2016 for past offenses.

During the inspection, law enforcement found software which indicated the teenager may be involved in cybercrime, and the further investigation of a laptop belonging to Gunton and seized by police revealed that he had been offering himself as a provider of hacking services.

Specifically, Gunton offered to supply stolen personal information to those that hired him. This information, which could include personally identifiable information (PII) such as names, addresses, and online account details, could then be used to commit fraud and SIM-swapping attacks.

The theft and sale of PII is a commonplace occurrence today. However, SIM-swapping attacks are a relatively new phenomenon.

In order to conduct a SIM-swap, a fraudster will obtain some PII from a target and then call up their telephone subscription provider while pretending to be the true owner of the account. Social engineering then comes into the mix to convince the operator to switch the telephone number belonging to the victim to the attacker's control.

It might only be a short window in which the victim does not realize their number has been transferred, but this time frame can be enough for an attacker to bypass two-factor authentication (2FA), intercept calls and text messages, request password resets, and compromise online accounts ranging from email addresses to cryptocurrency wallets.

Hacker ordered to pay back £922k

A hacker who carried out cyber attacks on more than 100 companies has been ordered to pay back £922,978.14 of cryptocurrency.

Grant West had been jailed for fraud after carrying out attacks on brands such as Sainsbury's, Uber and Argos.

A police investigation, codename "Operation Draba", uncovered West's activity on the dark web under the moniker of "Courvoisier".

The confiscation order was made during a hearing at Southwark Crown Court.

West, from Sheerness, Kent, used phishing email scams to obtain the financial data of tens of thousands of customers.

He would then sell this personal data in different market places on the dark web, convert the profit made from selling financial details online into cryptocurrency, and store these in multiple accounts.

West, of Ashcroft Caravan Park, was jailed in May at Southwark Crown Court for 10 years and eight months.

Detectives had discovered evidence of West conducting cyber attacks on the websites of 17 major firms.

Following West's arrest, approximately £1m in cryptocurrency was seized from a number of his accounts. Taking currency fluctuations into account the currency is today valued at £922, 978.14.

The cryptocurrency will now be sold and the victims will receive compensation.

As well as financial data, he also sold cannabis which he shipped to customers, and "how to" guides instructing others how to carry out cyber attacks.

West also regularly used stolen credit card details to pay for items for himself, including holidays, food, shopping and household goods. West admitted conspiracy to defraud, possession of criminal property, unauthorised modification of computer material and various drugs offences.

Vulnerability in DHCP client let hackers take control of network

A critical remote code execution vulnerability that resides in the DHCP client allows attackers to take control of the system by sending malicious DHCP reply packets.

A Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) Client allows a device to act as a host requesting-configuration parameter, such as an IP address from a DHCP server and the DHCP client can be configured on Ethernet interfaces.

In order to join a client to the network, the packer required to have all the TCP/IP configuration information during DHCP Offer and DHCP Ack.

DHCP protocol works as a client-server model, and it is responsible to dynamically allocate the IP address if the user connects with internet also the DHCP server will be responsible for distributing the IP address to the DHCP client.

This vulnerability will execution the remote code on the system that connected with vulnerable DHCP client that tries to connect with a rogue DHCP server.

Vulnerability Details The remote code execution vulnerability exactly resides in the function of dhcpcore.dll called “DecodeDomainSearchListData” which is responsible for decodes the encoded search list option field value.

During the decoding process, the length of the decoded domain name list will be calculated by the function and allocate the memory and copy the decoded list.

According to McAfee research, A malicious user can create an encoded search list, such that when DecodeDomainSearchListData function decodes, the resulting length is zero. This will lead to heapalloc with zero memory, resulting in an out-of-bound write.

The vulnerability has been patched, and it can be tracked as CVE-2019-0547, The patch includes a check which ensures the size argument to HeapAlloc is not zero. If zero, the function exits.

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Bulgaria’s tax agency hacker released

A cybersecurity expert accused of hacking the data of more than 5 million Bulgarian taxpayers was released by police Wednesday after his charges were downgraded.

Kristian Boykov, a 20-year-old Bulgarian cybersecurity worker, was arrested in Bulgaria's capital Sofia last week in connection to the breach. Police raided his home and seized computers and mobile devices with encrypted information. The hacker was found by police through the computer and software used in the attack, according to the Sofia prosecutor's office.

Due to his work, which involves testing computer networks for potential vulnerabilities, some believe Boykov is a "white hat hacker" — a hacker that breaks into computer networks to expose vulnerabilities and push for the weaknesses to be fixed.

He has made news in Bulgaria before. In 2017, he hacked the Bulgarian education ministry's website to expose its vulnerabilities. In a television interview, he described the work as "fulfilling my civic duty."

Sofia prosecutors claim they tracked one of the stolen files from the latest data breach to a username used by Boykov. Boykov and his lawyer reject the allegations against him and say he was not involved in the incident.

The hack of the nation's tax agency database is believed to be the largest data breach in Bulgaria's history. Nearly every working adult in Bulgaria was impacted. In a country of 7 million, more than 5 million people had personal data such as social security information, addresses, incomes and names leaked and made easily accessible on the Internet.

Boykov was initially charged with a computer crime against critical infrastructure, with a maximum sentence of eight years in jail. Those charges were dropped and he was given a lesser charge of crime against information systems, which has a maximum jail sentence of three years.

The initial hack is believed to have happened in June. The breach remained undetected until an email from a Russian email address was sent to Bulgarian news outlets last week claiming responsibility for the attack. In the email, the sender claimed to be a Russian hacker, gave downloadable links to the stolen information and mocked Bulgaria's cybersecurity efforts.

Instagram account can be easily hacked, finds hacker

A professional hacker discovered what he considered a fairly simple way to seize control of any Instagram user's account. Fortunately for the site's 500 million active daily users, he told Instagram exactly how it could be done.

Laxman Muthiyah is a professional bounty hunter. Not the kind who tracks down bail jumpers, mind you. He uses his hacking skills to collect bug bounties, money companies pay to hackers who find and report vulnerabilities in their software.

Muthiyah found the account-breaking bug in the mobile version of Instagram's password reset system. When a user wants to reset his or her password, Instagram tries to validate their identity by sending a 6-digit code to a recovery phone number.

A six-digit code is child's play for a hacker with any amount of computing power at their disposal, which is why Instagram has a system in place that can detect brute-force attacks. Muthiyah found that out of 1,000 attempts around 75% were blocked.

By creating a race condition -- a nasty situation that occurs when a computer tries to process multiple requests at the same time -- and making attempts from a huge number of IP addresses -- Muthiyah was able to do an end run around Instagram's brute force blocker.

He bombarded Instagram with 200,000 codes from 1,000 different IP addresses. That might sound like a Herculean task, but Muthiyah notes that it's actually quite simple using cloud-based tools.

In his estimation it would have cost about $150 to reset anyone's password.

Gaining control of an account with hundreds of thousands -- or even millions -- of followers is well worth the investment. It provides an opportunity to spam users with links to infected downloads or phishing pages from an account they are likely to trust.

There's no telling how many unsuspecting fans would've blindly clicked a malicious link posted from a celeb's verified IG account. It's quite possible that a major incident was avoided thanks to Muthiyah's hard work and Facebook's (which owns Instagram) rapid deployment of a fix.

Hacker uses a nanocomputer to steal NASA data

It wasn’t a good day for NASA when an unidentified cyber-attacker was able to steal 500 MB of mission data, through a Raspberry Pi nanocomputer.

First introduced by the charity Raspberry Pi Foundation in 2012, the Raspberry Pi is a credit-card sized device intended for the general public, young and old, beginners and amateurs. It is sold for about $35 that plugs into home televisions and is used mainly to teach coding to children and promote computing in developing countries.

The Raspberry Pi organization has just announced the release of the fourth generation of its budget desktop PC, the completely re-engineered Raspberry Pi 4.

The April 2018 attack went undetected for nearly a year, according to an audit report issued on June 18, and an investigation is still underway to find the culprit.

The hacker infiltrated into NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory network and stole sensitive data and forced the temporary disconnection of space-flight systems, the agency has revealed.

Prior to detection, the attacker was able to exfiltrate 23 files amounting to approximately 500 megabytes of data, the report from NASA’s Office of inspector General said.

These included two restricted files from the Mars Science Laboratory mission, which handles the Curiosity Rover, and information relating to the International Traffic in Arms Regulations which restrict the export of US defense and military technologies.

“More importantly, the attacker successfully accessed two of the three primary JPL networks,” the report said.

"Officials were concerned the cyberattackers could move laterally from the gateway into their mission systems, potentially gaining access and initiating malicious signals to human space flight missions that use those systems."

NASA came to question the integrity of its Deep Space Network data “and temporarily disconnected several space flight-related systems from the JPL network.”

Hackers may soon able to decode what you are typing on your device






The technology advancement in smartphones may soon enable hackers to intercept what the user is typing on their devices by analyzing the sound of the keypad.

The researchers at Cambridge University and Sweden’s Linkoping University were able to extract passwords by deciphering the sound waves generated by fingers tapping on smartphone’s touch screens.

‘When a user enters text on the device’s touchscreen, the taps generate a sound wave. The device’s microphones can recover the tap and correlate it with the keystroke entered by a victim.’

According to the study, using a spying app, a malicious actor can decode what a person is typing. The study was first reported by the Wall Street Journal. “We showed that the attack can successfully recover PIN codes, individual letters, and whole words,” the researchers wrote.


‘The spying app may have been installed by the victim herself, or by someone else, or perhaps the attacker gave the device to the victim with the app pre-installed – there are several companies offering such services, such as mSpy. We also assume the app has microphone access. Many apps ask for this permission and most of us blindly accept the list of demanded permissions anyway.’

The researchers programmed a machine-learning algorithm that could detect and analyze the soundwave for specific keystrokes. On Smartphone, the researchers were able to correctly replicate the passwords seven times out of 27, within 10 attempts. While on tablets, they achieved better results, replicating for password 19 times out of 27 within 10 attempts.

“We found the device’s microphone(s) can recover this wave and ‘hear’ the finger’s touch, and the wave’s distortions are characteristic of the tap’s location on the screen,” the researchers wrote. “Hence, by recording audio through the built-in microphone(s), a malicious app can infer text as the user enters it on their device.”


Hacker Puts Up For Sale the Data of Six Companies, Totalling 26.42 Million User Records



Gnosticplayers, a hacker who already is for the most part known for putting up for sale more than 840 million user records in the previous month has yet again made an appearance and has returned with a fourth round of hacked data that he's selling on a dark web marketplace.

Ever since February 11 the hacker has set available for sale, data for 32 companies in three rounds on Dream Market, a dark web marketplace. This time, Gnosticplayers is more focused on the information of six companies, totalling 26.42 million user records, for which he's asking 1.2431 bitcoin which is approximately $4,940.

The difference between this Round 4 and the past three rounds is that five of the six databases Gnosticplayers set available for sale were gained amid hacks that have occurred a month ago, i.e. in February 2019. What's more, it merits referencing that a large number of the companies whose data Gnosticplayers has sold in the past three rounds have already affirmed breaches.

The six new companies targeted this time are , namely game dev. platform GameSalad, Brazilian book store Estante Virtual, online task manager and scheduling applications Coubic and LifeBear, Indonesia e-commerce giant Bukalapak, and Indonesian  student career site YouthManual.


"I got upset because I feel no one is learning,” the hacker said in an online chat "I just felt upset at this particular moment, because seeing this lack of security in 2019 is making me angry."

He says that he set up the data for sale essentially in light of the fact that these companies had neglected to ensure their passwords with solid encryption algorithms like bcrypt.

Albeit simply the last month the hacker said that he needed to hack and put up for sale more than one billion records and after that retire and vanish with the cash. But in a recent conversation, he says this is not his objective any longer, as he discovered that various other hackers have already just accomplished the similar objective before him.

Gnosticplayers likewise revealed that not every one of the information he acquired from hacked companies had been put on sale. A few companies surrendered to extortion demands and paid expenses so that the breaches would stay private.