The Central Bank of Russia detected a new type of fraud during the transfer of funds through an ATM




According to the publication of the Center for monitoring and responding to computer attacks in the financial sphere of the General Directorate of protection and information security at Bank of Russia (FinCERT), the Central Bank reported a new type of fraud during the transfer of funds between cards through ATMs.
The document says, "previously expected  TRF-attacks (transaction reversal fraud) did not occur, but a new method of such an attack was recorded based on the imperfection of the scenarios for processing transfers from card to card using ATMs."
The fraud method is connected with the imperfection of the p2p-transfer scenario (transfer between individuals). In particular, when the transaction is cancelled, the fraudster has the opportunity to withdraw the transferred amount from another card and at the same time keep the money in his account.
The algorithm is quite simple. First, a transfer operation between individuals is selected and the card number of the beneficiary is indicated. The terminal sends two authorization messages to the beneficiary's Bank and to the sending Bank. After two approvals have arrived, the actual translation is performed.
However, the ATM then asks the sender for confirmation of the debit fee, but he does not agree, and a message about the return is sent to both Banks. As a result, the temporary holding of funds is removed from the sender's account, he saves all the money, but the beneficiary during this time withdraws the transfer from his card.
The Central Bank advises Banks to check the correctness of ATM scenarios. So, the approval for the cancellation of the operation to the sender should come only after the message about the successful return of the transferred funds from the beneficiary's Bank.
Another measure to combat this type of fraud is to obtain consent to charge a transfer fee before sending authorization messages for the operation.
The sender bank is responsible for the success of such attacks, said Alexei Golenishchev, the Director of e-business monitoring at Alfa-Bank.
In May, Ehackingnews described another type of fraud with Sberbank ATMs. The attacker did not insert a Bankcard into the machine, chose any operation and did not complete it. When the next customer came to the machine, he saw on the screen of ATM a proposal to insert the card and enter the pin code. When he did all, the operation of the attacker was automatically completed, after which the money was debited from the cardholder's account. Later, Sberbank said that Bank solved this problem and the attackers could not withdraw money anymore.

The Central Bank of Russia has found problems with cybersecurity in all verified Banks


This year, the Bank of Russia checked 75 Banks for compliance with cybersecurity requirements and found all violations of the requirements. The head of the CBR Elvira Nabiullina informed about this, speaking at the II International Cybersecurity Congress (ICC).

Nabiullina said, "Since last year, the Central Bank as a regulator has the authority to supervise financial institutions in terms of how they fulfill cyber security requirements. Last year we checked 58 Banks, this year - 75. Problems and violations were found in all of them."

The Chairman of the Central Bank added that the problems found in Banks should not be considered critical, but they can become such over time, if not to take measures to prevent possible cybercrime.

Nabiullina noted that protection from cyber risks and the level of cybersecurity in the near future will become a competitive advantage for all companies. At the same time, the main drawback is that the business processes of Banks do not include the management of cyber risks.

The Chairman of the Central Bank drew attention to the fact that Russian bankers have no particular fear of hackers. Apparently, for this reason, certain shortcomings or problems were identified in each financial organization.

According to Nabiullina, there is a neglect of cybersecurity in society, and the heads of companies do not understand the problem.

Nabiullina stressed, “Our task is to use new technologies and try to go a step further, keeping up with hackers.”

Russian Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev also spoke at the ICC. He said that it was necessary "to develop global security standards". Also, Medvedev noted that crimes that are committed with the help of the Internet "have no boundaries."

It should be noted that earlier German Gref, CEO, Chairman of the Executive Board of Sberbank, expressed the opinion that the heads of large companies should be paranoid in the fight against cyber threats: "We are responsible not only for ourselves, but we have hundreds of millions of our customers."

Hackers made Bank clients debtors - Large-scale data breach occurred in Russia



On June 8-9, Alfa-Bank was attacked for several hours, as a result of which the stolen funds appeared on the accounts of random customers of the credit institution.

Some clients of the Bank received amounts from 10 to 15 thousand rubles ($ 155-235). Many of them quickly spent this easy money.

However, immediately after the payment, Alfa-Bank clients were charged amounts two to three times more than the fraudsters sent. They formed an overdraft or a short-term loan.

Alfa-Bank solved the problem with hacking within a few hours, and clients of Bank are obliged to return the money that came from hackers in full amount. However, there were no official comments from Alfa-Bank.

Experts said that such a fraud can be done only with access to the Bank's system. Therefore, the security service is looking for fraud among its employees.

It is worth noting that on June 9, the Russian newspaper Kommersant reported the leakage of personal data of 900 thousand clients of Alfa-Bank, OTP Bank and Home Credit Bank in Russia. According to the published material, the names, phone numbers (mobile, home and work), address and place of works, passport data of almost 900 thousand Russians including 55 thousand customers of Alfa-Bank were publicly available on the Internet, as well as balances on the accounts of clients of Alfa-Bank limited to a range of 130-160 thousand rubles.

The company DevicеLock found the leaks. They occurred at the end of May, the data were collected a few years ago, but a significant part of the information is still relevant. Moreover, DeviceLock discovered two customer databases of Alfa-Bank: one contains data on more than 55 thousand customers from 2014-2015, the second contains 504 records from 2018-2019.

An interesting fact is that one of the databases of clients of Alfa-Bank contains data on about 500 employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and about 40 people from the FSB (the Federal Security Service).

The Press Service of Alfa Bank said that at the moment they are checking the accuracy and relevance of information.


The National Payment Card System (NPCS) of Russia says the Fast Payment System is secure


According to Dmitry Kolesnikov, Director of the FPS project in the NPCS, the Fast Payments System is completely safe.

Earlier, the Head of Sberbank German Gref said that one of the reasons why Sberbank does not join the Fast Payment System is cybersecurity. So, according to Gref, the system is still unsafe.

"The system is safe, secure, fully complies with all standards. There were no incidents during the operation," said Kolesnikov at the International Forum "Remote Services, Mobile Solutions, Cards and Payments - 2019".

The Bank of Russia summed up the results of the first four months of the FPS. According to Maria Krasenkova, the Head of the Development and Regulation of the National Payment System of the Central Bank, from January 28 to May 28, 500 thousand transfers were made through the FPS for a total of 4.2 billion rubles ($ 64 million). Dmitry Kolesnikov noted that during the operation of the system, about 200 thousand people took advantage of it. According to NPCS, 40% of transfers are made between own accounts, 60% between accounts of different clients.

It is worth recalling that the Central Bank launched a competitor to the Sberbank transfer system, it's a money transfer system (FPS) by telephone number between accounts of different banks. First, only 11 financial institutions joined the FPS, including Alfa-Bank, Tinkoff Bank, Gazprombank, VTB and others. Another 100 banks expressed their desire to join the system. However, Sberbank has not yet expressed its desire to join the FPS. The largest Russian Bank was a monopolist in the market of money transfers between individuals. In 2018, Sberbank earned 47.2 billion rubles ($ 722 million) on transfers, and the launch of the Central Bank system has already hit its revenues. In the future, participation in the FPS is planned to be mandatory for all banks.

The Bank of Russia expects to connect important Banks to the FPS before September 1. However, according to Gref, the agreement with the Bank of Russia on the connection of Sberbank to the FPS has not yet been achieved.