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The data of potential borrowers of Bank Dom.RF are being sold on the Internet

 The data was obtained as a result of a leak. A representative of the bank explained its vulnerability in the remote filing of initial applications for cash loans

Data about people who applied for a loan from Bank Dom.RF were put up for sale on the Internet. The bank confirmed the leak. The Central Bank is conducting a check.

The data of Russians was put up for sale on a specialized website. The announcement was published on April 3. According to the owners, they have more than 100,000 records of those who have applied for a bank loan. The records date back to 2020-2021. They may include information about the loan amount request, phone numbers, email addresses, full names, date of birth, passport information, TIN, SNILS, home and work addresses, job title, income and proxy information. The database sells for 100 thousand rubles ($1,308), individual lines for 7-15 rubles ($0.09 - 0.20).

Bank Dom.RF belongs to the same name financial development institution in the housing sector, which is fully controlled by the state. It is in the top 20 banks in terms of capital and in the top 3 in terms of the mortgage portfolio. It was formed in 2017 on the basis of the bank Rossiyskiy Kapital, which is being reorganized.

Dom.RF reported that the leak was due to a vulnerability in remote initial cash loan applications. The bank notes that the data prevents access to customer accounts. "As part of operational work, it was eliminated in a short time, at the moment all the bank's systems are functioning normally. For preventive purposes, the security service of Dom.RF checked the integrity of all other systems of the bank and found no violations," reported the bank.

Russian media have already checked the data from a database. Six people responded and four of them confirmed that they had applied to the bank for a loan or were already its clients.

Ukraine’s PrivatBank Database for Sale on a Hacking Forum

 

PrivatBank is the biggest commercial bank in Ukraine, as far as the number of customers, assets value, loan portfolio, and taxes paid to the national budget are considered. Headquartered in Dnipro, in central Ukraine, the bank was nationalized by the government of Ukraine to ensure its 20 million clients and to preserve "financial stability in the country", on 18 December 2016. 

As per their site, PrivatBank's net profit for 2020 was 25.3 billion UAH, which is around $910 million. The database is said to contain 40 million records of customers such as full name, DOB, taxpayer identification number, place of birth, passport details, family status, etc. 

Ukraine has a population of 44 million, and the database’s 40 million records would cover 93% of the population. In any case, it isn't evident whether these are unique records, and it would be improbable that PrivatBank has records of 93% of Ukraine's population, considering ages that wouldn't have bank accounts. 

The threat actor is asking $3,400 in bitcoin for the release of the database. At the point when CyberNews took a gander at the bitcoin address provided, it gives the idea that nobody has purchased the database yet from that specific wallet. However, it is additionally conceivable that the threat actor is generating another wallet for each sale, a process that can be done automatically.

In 2016, hackers allegedly took $10 million from the bank through a loophole in the SWIFT international banking system. Before then, in 2014, the pro-Russian hacker group CyberBerkut asserted credit for hacking into the bank and mining client information, and afterward publishing the information on the Russian social media platform VKontakte. This was obvious retaliation for a PrivatBank accomplice who offered a $10,000 bounty for capturing Russian-backed militants in Ukraine. Earlier in 2014, another group named Green Dragon asserted credit for a DDoS assault on PrivatBank and guaranteed it got to client information during the assault. 

A 2018 report by a US corporate investigations company stated that “PrivatBank was subjected to a large scale and coordinated fraud over at least a ten-year period ending December 2016, which resulted in the Bank suffering a loss of at least USD 5.5 billion.”

The Central Bank conducted remote anti-hacker exercises for the first time

The Central Bank of the Russian Federation summed up the results of the cyber exercises held in November-December 2020, designed to test the information security systems of Russian financial organizations.

The intention to launch cyber training for the Russian banking sector was announced in 2019 by the Central Bank of the Russian Federation. According to the organizer, the exercises should be held in the format of stress testing for resistance to cyber threats once every two years.

22 organizations voluntarily participated in the past cyber-trainings. According to Vyacheslav Kasimov, Director of the Information Security Department of Credit Bank of Moscow, various situations of responding to incidents were practiced and procedures for interaction with the Bank of Russia were tested.

According to Mikhail Ivanov, Director of the Information Security Department of Rosbank, "participation in cyber training is primarily an opportunity to demonstrate its reliability to the regulator".

The Bank of Russia's audits are aimed at ensuring that banks comply with the established requirements and determine whether their infrastructure is designed and implemented correctly in terms of cybersecurity.

As Vitaly Zadorozhny, head of the cybersecurity department of Alfa-Bank, explains," they check the level of cyber-hygiene in the organization, but they do not allow determining how effectively the bank will operate when attacked.”

Artem Sychev, the First Deputy Director of the Information Security Department of the Central Bank, said that cyber training makes it possible to quickly identify the risks of financial organizations.

At the same time, the Bank of Russia has recently fined 17 banks for non-compliance with the requirements of the information security system. 

At the same time, the consequences for those tested with the new approach of the Central Bank are getting tougher. If a fine is issued based on the results of the checks, then the Bank of Russia may potentially worsen the risk profile of the credit institution based on the results of the cyber studies.

Sberbank is the most targeted organization in Europe by hackers, says Herman Gref

 At the moment, Sberbank is more often than other institutions in Europe is subjected to hacker attacks, but successfully repels them, said the head of the credit institution Herman Gref speaking at a plenary session in the Federation Council with a presentation on artificial intelligence (AI).

“We are the most attacked institution in Europe. Every day, artificial intelligence inside our Cyber ​​Security Center analyzes billions of events. During this entire period of time, we did not allow a single penetration into our systems,” said Mr. Gref.

Gref stressed that the AI protects not only the credit institution itself but also its customers. According to the banker, citizens who use the services of Sberbank are protected in 97% of cases: the systems recognize that a person is trying to transfer funds to a fraudster.

"In 97% of cases, our algorithms recognize fraud, stop these transactions, contact the person, the person confirms that he made this transaction, and we tell him that it was a fraudster," added Gref.

According to the head of Sberbank, in cyber attacks, scammers use artificial intelligence technologies, in particular, deepfake technologies, which allow simulating the face and voice of the client.

"Scammers can call from your phone that belongs to you, speak with your voice. And this is a gigantic threat. It is extremely difficult for a normal person to fight this, and therefore powerful systems for protecting a person from such fakes should come to the rescue,” noted Gref.

According to the Bank of Russia, in the first nine months of 2020, fraudsters stole about 6.5 billion rubles from bank customers from their cards and accounts. Sberbank estimates that since the beginning of 2020, fraudsters have called customers about 15 million times. Sberbank recorded more than 3.4 million customer complaints about phone fraud in the first half of the year, which is 30 times more than in 2017 and more than twice as much as in 2019.

"The number of fraudulent calls in Russia reaches 100 thousand per day", said Stanislav Kuznetsov, deputy chairman of the bank.

Earlier, E Hacking News reported that according to Sberbank cyber criminals are using Artificial Intelligence in banking Trojan which is quite difficult to recognize.

Sensitive Data of 7 Million Indian Cardholders Circulating On Dark Web


There is a rapid increase in the number of data breaches last year, jumping by 17%, which has become an increasingly serious issue. Recently, sensitive data of 7 million debit and credit cardholders has been circulating on the dark web.

The 2GB database included names, contact numbers, email addresses, Permanent Account Number, income details, and employers' firm.

As per the screenshots of the leaked data, the details were found on a public Google Drive document discovered by Rajshekhar Rajaharia, an Internet cybersecurity researcher who informed Inc42, warning that as the private data pertains to the finances, it is highly valuable and can potentially be used by malicious actors to develop phishing attacks.

The database that also included the PAN numbers of around 5 lakh users, relates to the time period between 2010 and 2019 which could be of extreme significance to cybercriminals and scammers, per se. Although the card numbers were not available in the database, Rajaharia managed to verify the details for certain users including himself. He matched the LinkedIn profiles of the names mentioned in the list, and it proved to be accurate.

In a conversation with Suriya Prakash, Sr Security Researcher Cyber Security and Privacy Foundation Pte Ltd, Ehacking News attempted to understand the source of the breach: He said, "These usually don't originate at the bank level as they have secure environments. Regulators and banks often misunderstand this and spend crores securing infrastructure."

"The main source of data breaches are usually due to bank employees using their official emails to create accounts in third-party sites (social media etc). When these third parties get breached its causes issues for the bank. This can be simply avoided by putting in the SOP that employees should not use their official emails for other services, any usage should get written permission from the admin team. If this is strictly enforced majority of data breaches can be avoided."

"Also websites that collect payments like e-commerce sites should be brought user RBI regulations as they too might be causes of the breach," he concluded.

Banks offered the Central Bank of Russia to create a centralized mechanism to combat fraudsters

According to the Vice-President of the Association of Banks of Russia Alexey Voilukov, information processing can take several hours or even days, while a fraudster can withdraw money from the card within an hour.

President of the Association of Banks of Russia Georgy Luntovsky sent a letter to Vadim Uvarov, Director of the Information Security Department of the Bank of Russia, with a proposal to organize direct interaction between market participants in order to exchange data on suspicious transactions.

Now financial organizations use an automated system to inform the Regulator about all operations that have signs of being performed without the knowledge of customers. Then the Regulator accumulates all the collected data about attacks and returns them to banks in a consolidated form. According to Alexey Voilukov, information processing can take several hours or even days, while a fraudster can withdraw money from the card to which they were withdrawn within an hour. 

Mr. Voilukov noted that the creation of a centralized mechanism will speed up the exchange of information by about five times, and the time for providing information in some cases will be reduced to 20-30 minutes.

"For example, several people complained to the Bank about unauthorized transfers within an hour. It detects a fraudulent account and promptly sends information about it to the organizations from which the money was transferred. With a quick response, there is a chance to prevent theft," he explained Mr. Voilukov. According to him, this scheme of work will allow us to fight against fraudsters who work using social engineering methods.

The Central Bank told that they will study the proposals. VTB, MKB, Rosbank and Tinkoff support the Association of Banks of Russia initiative. VTB added that the system for exchanging information on incidents needs to be improved, as this will speed up and automate the processes of the rapid response of banks to fraudulent attacks.

Russian Cyber Criminals started using bots to deceive victims

Fraudulent call centers started using bots to filtering distrustful victims in order to force them to call back and assist them on their own

According to experts, this approach makes it possible to reduce the cost of attacks on victims and increase conversion.

"The robot says: "Your card in this bank is blocked, call us back at this number”. When the victim calls back, allegedly the bank's security officers answer, ” explained Artem Gavrichenkov, technical director of Qrator Labs. He added that scammers make up to hundreds of calls a day using such robots.

Fraudsters also use fake IP telephony service numbers, bulk SMS sending services and messages in Messengers on behalf of the Bank, said Sergei Nikitin, deputy head of the Group-IB computer forensics laboratory.

The fraudsters in this case used "reverse social engineering", said Alexey Drozd, head of the information security department at SerchInform. In such cases, the victim calls the attackers.

Andrey Zaikin, Head of Information Security at CROC, explained that people are not used to the use of robots by scammers, this increases the credibility of hackers.

The technology also makes the attack cheaper, adds Mikhail Kondrashin, technical Director of Trend Micro in Russia and the CIS. A robot is a simple software for auto-calling, notes Mr. Zaikin. Developers of voice platforms usually do not charge a fee for creating such a bot, and the average cost of a call is 2.5–3.5 rubles ($0.3-$0.4) per minute.

Previously, many fake call centers operated from prisons, but recently, according to Group-IB, most are organized outside and sometimes even abroad. According to experts, international cooperation at the state level is necessary to neutralize them.

New types of fraud related to Bank cards of Russian Banks have been spotted

Fraudsters encourage Bank customers to withdraw funds at a branch or ATM on their own and then transfer money to the account of the attackers

"There are cases when fraudsters, through psychological influence on the client, ask to transfer funds through an ATM and/or withdraw funds through the cashier, while providing fake documents from the Bank," said Mikhail Ivanov, Director of the Information Security Department of RosBank.

Stanislav Pavlunin, Vice President and Security Director of Pochta Bank, noted that this is one of the latest schemes of cybercriminals, which is a kind of the most common method of fraud - social engineering.

The vast majority of fraudulent operations are carried out using social engineering methods, explained Ilya Suloev, Director of the Information Security Department of Otkritie Bank. This was confirmed by Sberbank, which since the beginning of 2020 has recorded almost 2.9 million customer requests about fraudulent attempts. In comparison with 2019, the number of such requests has more than doubled.

The most popular way to influence potential victims is still phone calls. According to OTP Bank, fraudsters can be represented by employees of the security service of the Bank or government agencies. 

The number of telephone fraud attempts has increased this year, confirmed Oleg Kuserov, Managing Director of Absolut Bank.

"The growth of such attacks is associated, in our opinion, both with an increase in the number of fraudulent call centers and with major data leaks in 2020 from various enterprises, including online stores," said Vyacheslav Kasimov, Director of the Information Security Department of Credit Bank of Moscow.

Sergey Afanasyev, Executive Director and Head of the Statistical Analysis Department of Renaissance Credit Bank, also noted that another common type of Bankcard fraud, in addition to social engineering, is phishing — stealing money through fraudulent duplicate sites.


Hackers threaten to bring down the tax, energy and banking system of Belarus

A group of hackers threatens to bring down the tax, energy and banking systems of Belarus if the head of state Alexander Lukashenko does not comply with the ultimatum

The union of hackers and IT-developers of Belarus has threatened President Alexander Lukashenko to bring down the tax, energy and banking systems if security forces continue to detain protesters.

The statement of attackers was published in the Telegram channel "Cyber Partisans". They demand that Lukashenko stop the arrests by September 13, go out with a loudspeaker and publicly apologize to the population, as well as leave his post. And if this does not happen, "Belarus will forget what taxes are."

"Alexander Lukashenko, we are addressing you personally. It will be very painful, first, the tax system will break down, then the electricity in the country will run out, then the banking system will break down… Do you need it?" the hackers asked the President of the Republic. In addition, the hackers stressed that they are able to "kill the ruble" and start blocking the bank accounts of people from Lukashenko's inner circle.

Recall that after the announcement of the election results in Belarus, mass protests began. The protesters are demanding Lukashenko's resignation and new fair elections. In addition, citizens report violence by the security forces.

The European Union refused to recognize the victory of Lukashenko, and the Kremlin, on the contrary, congratulated the permanent leader of the Republic on the next term.

An interesting fact is that during the elections and in the following days, the Internet stopped working several times in the country. The Belarusian authorities called the cause of the failure a cyberattack from abroad, but later it became known that the equipment for blocking local state security agencies was provided by the American company Sandvine.

Experts identified flaw that allows criminals to steal money using Faster Payments System (FPS)


Experts have identified a flaw that allows criminals to steal money from accounts of clients of banks through the Faster Payments System (FPS),  which is often opposed to the idea of a crypto-ruble.

The experts found out that when the function of transfers via the FPS in the mobile bank was activated, one of the credit institutions was left vulnerable. Fraudsters were able to take advantage of this error and get customer account data.

Then the attackers launched the mobile bank in debug mode,  logged in as real clients, and sent a request to transfer funds to another bank, only instead of their account they indicated the account number of another client for debiting. Since the system does not verify the ownership of the account, it debited the money and transferred it to the fraudsters.

According to market participants, this is the first case of theft of funds using the FPS. The vulnerability could only be known by someone familiar with the application: an employee or developer.

The Central Bank noted that the problem was found in the mobile app of only one credit institution and promptly eliminated. 

Yaroslav Babin, head of web application security analysis at Positive Technologies, said that using the FPS is safe, but there may be problems in the applications of individual banks.

According to him, if hackers found a vulnerability in the application of a credit institution, the client will not be able to influence the safety of their funds in any way. All responsibility lies with the Bank that developed and released the app.

Babin recommends that banks pay more attention to system security analysis, implement secure development methods, and analyze the source code of all public applications or their updates before publishing them.

It is worth noting that the Faster Payments System is a service that allows individuals to instantly transfer money by mobile phone number to themselves or others. At the moment, all the largest credit organizations in Russia and more than 70 banks are connected to the FPS.

The data of clients of the Russian bank Alfa-Bank leaked to the Network


On June 22, a message appeared on the Darknet about the sale of a database of clients of the largest Russian banks. The seller did not specify how many records he has on hand but assured that he is ready to upload 5 thousand lines of information per week.

One of the Russian Newspapers had a screenshot of a test fragment of the Alfa-Bank database, which contains 64 lines. Each of them has the full name, city of residence, mobile phone number of the citizen, as well as the account balance and document renewal date.

A newspaper managed to reach up to six clients using these numbers. Two of them confirmed that they have an account with Alfa-Bank and confirmed the relevance of the balance.

Alfa-Bank confirmed that they know about the data leak of several dozen clients.
The seller of Alfa-Bank's database said that he also has confidential information of clients of other credit organizations.

"I can sell a database of VTB clients with a balance of 500 thousand rubles or more with an update from July 17 for 100 rubles per entry," claimed the seller. However, the Russian newspaper was not able to get test fragments of these databases.

The newspaper also contacted two other sellers who offered information about users of Gazprombank, VTB, Pochta Bank, Promsvyazbank, and Home Credit Bank.
Information about the account balance is classified as a Bank secret. Knowing such confidential details makes it easier for attackers to steal money using social engineering techniques.

"There are two ways to get bases on the black market. One of them is the leak of data by an insider from a Bank or company. The second option is through remote banking vulnerabilities," said Ashot Hovhannisyan, founder of the DLBI leak intelligence service.
According to him, the reason for the ongoing leaks is inefficient investments in security. Companies often protect their systems from hacking from outside, but not from insiders.

Russian experts gave tips on protecting a mobile Bank from fraudsters


Two-factor authentication and compliance with digital hygiene rules can protect users from hacking a mobile Bank on smartphone

According to experts, mobile banking programs are quite secure, so most often funds are stolen due to user errors.

“More often, cybercriminals call customers of financial institutions or use malware,” said Sergei Golovanov, a leading expert at Kaspersky Lab. In this case, users may accidentally give fraudsters the card details and login passwords.

Andrey Arsentiev, head of Analytics and Special Projects at InfoWatch Group, believes that any applications are vulnerable to hacking if malware is installed.

Vladimir Ulyanov, head of the Zecurion analytical center, is sure that users need to configure two-factor authentication to get an additional one-time code. At the same time, the specialist believes that the spyware installed on the smartphone can intercept the SMS code from the Bank. "It is more secure to perform operations and receive confirmation codes on different devices," Ulyanov said.

"Install the software on your phone only from authorized, approved sources (App Store and Google Play)," said Ruslan Suleymanov, Director of information technology at ESET Russia. In his opinion, customers of credit organizations need to have a separate card for online purchases, set daily limits for transfers, and regularly change passwords.

"You can't tell anyone your card details or login details to the customer Bank by telephone. Not a single bank makes such official requests on its behalf,” concluded Suleymanov.
According to the founder of DeviceLock Ashot Hovhannisyan, it is best not to use a mobile Bank, but to log in to your personal account on a computer protected by antivirus. If mobile banking is important, then you should stop using a jailbreak and installing dubious programs through alternative stores.

In addition, Roskachestvo experts have recommended that users should regularly update the software on their devices, even if they do not see a particular need for it. Otherwise, it can lead to unpleasant consequences.

Maze Ransomware Operators Leaked 2GB of Financial Data from Bank of Costa Rica (BCR)


Bank of Costa Rica (BCR) has been receiving threats from the threat actors behind Maze ransomware who have stolen credit card details from the bank, the ransomware gang started publishing the encrypted financial details this week.

The Banco de Costa Rica is one of the strongest state-owned commercial banks operated in Costa Rica, starting from humble origins of mainly being a private commercial bank, it expanded to become a currency issuer and one of the most renowned baking firms in Central America contributing largely in the financial development of the nation.

The hacker group behind the data leak have demanded a ransom from Banco de Costa Rica at various occasions, however, to their dismay they observed a lack of seriousness in the way the bank dealt with these previous leaks and it served as a primary reason that motivated the latest data leak, according to an interview with Maze ransomware operators.

As per the claims made by the attackers, Banco de Costa Rica's network remained insecure till February 2020; it was in August 2019 when they first compromised the bank's network and the second attempt was made in the month of February 2020 to see how the security has been improvised – if at all so.

The 2GB of data published by the Maze ransomware attackers on their leak site contains the details of at least 50 Mastercards and Visa credit cards or debit cards, a few being listed more than once.

As per the statements given by Brett Callow, a threat analyst with Emsisoft to ISMG, "Like other groups, Maze now weaponizes the data it steals,"

"The information is no longer simply published online; it's used to harm companies' reputations and attack their business partners and customers."

"The Maze group is a for-profit criminal enterprise who are out to make a buck," Callow says. "The credit card information has been posted for one of two reasons: Either to pressure BCR into paying and/or to demonstrate the consequences of non-compliance to their future victims," Callow further told.

Positive technologies: fraudsters can steal money from every second mobile bank


According to the research of Positive technologies, every second mobile banking application has a vulnerability through which fraudsters can steal the money of its users.

The company selected 14 mobile apps for the Android and IOS operating systems, which were downloaded more than 500 thousand times from the Google Play and App Store.

It is noted that in 13 out of 14 applications, access to personal user data is possible. Hackers can exploit 76% of vulnerabilities in mobile banks without physical access to the device.

"None of the studied mobile banking applications has an acceptable level of security. In every second mobile Bank, fraudulent transactions and theft of funds are possible. In five out of seven applications, logins and passwords from user accounts are threatened, and bank card data may be stolen in every third application,” experts conclude.

The company's experts advise users to set a PIN code to unlock the device to limit the ability of attackers to gain physical access and never click on links from strangers in SMS and messengers.

Group-IB regularly finds vulnerabilities in banking applications, but in practice, these weaknesses are rarely used because it is easier and cheaper for hackers to use social engineering, says Andrey Bryzgin, head of the Audit and Consulting Department of the Group-IB.

Previously, Positive Technologies identified 23% more cyberattacks in the first quarter of 2020 compared to the fourth quarter of last year. The increase in cybercrime is associated with the coronavirus COVID-19.

Moreover, the number of virtual crimes began to grow. Fraudsters send emails about COVID-19 with links that lead to fake sites where users are asked to enter data from Bank cards.

Russian authorities arrested cyber criminals who sold billion counterfeit rubles on the dark web


Employees of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in Nizhny Novgorod stopped the activities of a group engaged in the production of counterfeit money. Fakes in denominations of 5000, 2000 and 1000 were of such high quality that not every detector in stores could detect them.

High-quality counterfeit money was made in Nizhny Novgorod, from where it was delivered to almost all regions of Russia through the Hydra Internet resource. The criminal organization included several dozen people, and none of them personally knew each other.

Last year, Tatarstan opened the first criminal case under the article Production, storage, transportation or sale of counterfeit money or securities. The first counterfeit bills were found in the region. Then fake money began to appear in many regions of Russia.

For conspiracy, the attackers communicated exclusively through the periodically blocked by Roskomnadzor mirrors of the Internet resource Hydra. According to police officers, the accomplices knew each other only by nicknames on the Internet. The distribution of fakes was also carried out in a non-contact manner using special hiding places.

Wholesale lots from 500 thousand rubles ($6,750) went for 10-15% of the face value. But the greatest demand in the regions were small parties from 10 thousand to 150 thousand rubles ($135 - $2,000) counterfeiters sold for 30% of the nominal value.

When a buyer made a payment on Hydra using cryptocurrency, a shipment of fake money was sent from Moscow using fake passports through a transport company to accomplices. They left fake money in secret places, and then passed the coordinates to customers.

The identity of the organizers and producers of counterfeit money could be established only in the spring of this year. They were three residents of Nizhny Novgorod region Oleg Efimov, Ivan Averof and Andrey Skvortsov. Two sets of printing equipment for the production of counterfeit money of very high quality, color laser printers, laptops, a laminator, mock-ups of banknotes, threads for gluing into banknotes and blanks of emblem images were seized from the detainees.

It was established that the criminal group existed for about a year and printed and put into circulation about one billion rubles ($13,5 million).

In Kiev, a hacker group who used the vulnerability of banks to steal their clients' money was caught


The Security Service of Ukraine (SBU) announced the termination of the acclivities of hackers who stole an average of 1.2 million dollars a year from the accounts of banking institutions.

According to the investigation, the attackers found vulnerabilities in the electronic payment document management system of banks, illegally transferred money of clients to the accounts of fictitious persons or transferred it to cryptocurrency. Hackers created a bot network of infected computers to conduct illegal operations on the Internet. "Thus, the members of the group stole from the accounts of banking institutions on average 30 million hryvnias ($1.2 million) a year," reported the press service of the SBU on Tuesday.

During 10 searches in Kiev and the region, as well as in Lviv, law enforcement officers seized computer equipment and mobile devices that were used by members of the group during illegal activities. Now the seized equipment is sent for examination.

A criminal case has been opened. If the attackers are found guilty, they face up to six years in prison.
It is worth noting that the Security Service of Ukraine recently exposed a large group of hackers associated with the Darknet.

Members of the group and third parties used server hosting equipment to conduct cyberattacks on the authorities and administration of Ukraine, critical infrastructure of Ukraine, as well as Ukrainian and world banks.

During the investigation, operatives detained the organizer of the group, who since 2011 provided its own server equipment for hosting, administering and distributing malware, bot networks and conducting cyberattacks.

In particular, DDoS attacks were carried out on strategic facilities in Ukraine and banking institutions of other states. The specified hosting was known on the Darknet network under the name "ProHoster" and "Bulletproof.space".

Data from more than half a million clients of Russian microfinance organizations has been put up for sale


The base of more than 1.2 million MFIs clients, which is in the top 10 on the market, is up for sale. It affects more than one company. Bistrodengi, Zaymer, Ekapusta found their customers in this base. According to experts, the data is collected from different places. Information can be used by fraudsters to make online loans.

The database includes full names, phone numbers, email addresses, dates of birth and passport data of Russians. The seller of the database does not disclose the name of the organizations. whose data he had, but most of the customers who answered the calls reported that they applied for loans to the Bistrodengi company.

Elena Stratieva, Director of Microfinance and Development, said that internal audits were carried out on the first day after the announcement was revealed.

She stressed that the level of data matches with the databases of individual companies is quite low, which may indicate a leak on the part of an agent that aggregates data for many financial institutions at once.

At the same time, according to her, the database includes not only data of individuals who were approved loans in 2017-2019, but also those who were refused. According to Federal law, MFIs do not store this much time.
It was also noted that the fact of data leakage from any MFIs or from several MFIs has not yet been established.

In turn, Olesya Bobkova, managing Director of Lime Zaim MFO, expressed the opinion that customer data could get into the network because of unscrupulous webmasters who still have user data in their databases. For example, most of these data sales ads contain inaccurate, outdated, and incomplete data that are not enough to use or harm customers. However, according to Bobkova, some hackers do not lose their attempts to monetize this database and bring information to black markets and forums.

Russian Bank reminds about the danger of transferring personal data to someone


Transferring personal data to someone (details of cards and accounts, passport data), you can become a victim of cyber fraud, so you can not do this in any case, recalled the Deputy Chairman of the Board of Sberbank Stanislav Kuznetsov.

"Even if you take a picture of your card and send it to someone — this is basically already a leak. You might as well throw your wallet with your salary in the trash," he said.

He also said that in the second half of 2019, Russian companies faced large-scale phishing. "Last year, several organized criminal groups working in this direction became more active. One of them has made a big step forward in expanding its criminal activities. This is the RTM hacking group, it is Russian-speaking and operates in Eastern Europe, including Russia".

According to him, using modern software, RTM sends phishing emails to tens of thousands of companies in the country 10-15 times a month. Mr. Kuznetsov added that many companies open emails infected with viruses. "In this way, criminals get access to the company's accounting documents — with the help of a virus, they send the company's funds to their Bank accounts and gradually withdraw them," he said.

According to Mr. Kuznetsov, Sberbank has already given law enforcement agencies materials about almost 20 criminals from the group. There are at least five such groups, he said.

"This is not a new type of crime, but in the second half of last year, Russia faced it for the first time on this scale. As a result, some institutions of the financial system, as well as small and medium-sized companies in various industries were affected," said Stanislav Kuznetsov.

Recall, according to a study by TAdviser and Microsoft, in 2019, 76% of Russian medium and small businesses faced cybersecurity incidents. The main source of threats, businessmen called e-mail and external Internet resources.

Insider Threat : Employees of Russian banks are massively recruited to get data


In Russia, there are 73 services that recruit insiders in Russian banks. This information was shared by Darknet researcher Anton Staver.

"Many groups providing such services is due to the amount of work that falls on them," explained Staver. According to the researcher, services that recruit Bank employees receive up to 50 orders a day, which is enough for the existence of an entire industry.

The expert said that customers of such data are usually competitors of banks, jealous spouses of customers, as well as hackers and scammers. Scammers often asked to choose a list of victims with the big account balance. At the same time, according to Staver, recruitment is most often “carried out by specialized structures”.

The expert noted that recruiters receive from customers about 15 thousand rubles ($240) for one employee of the Bank. During the work, the recruiter receives the search criteria, after which the client receives the contacts of the necessary person in Telegram or Jabber. It takes about 5-7 days to search for an insider.

Pavel Krylov, who runs a company specializing in the investigation of cybercrime, agrees with the research data. "Fraudulent schemes using personal data are now successful and effective, so attackers are actively looking for insiders in banks," said the expert. He also noted that various criminal groups taking advantage of theft and withdrawal options use schemes with recruitment for monetization.

The cost of recruitment ranges from 7 thousand to 100 thousand rubles ($112-$1600) and depends on the complexity of the task. If the security service of the Bank works effectively, the price will be much higher. Employees are usually hired through social networks, instant messengers, personal contacts, LinkedIn.

Russian hackers switched from Russian banks to foreign ones


Two of the most dangerous Russian-language hacker groups over the past year have almost stopped attacking Russian banks and concentrated on foreign banks. Damage from targeted attacks on credit institutions fell by 14 times.

"Until 2018, Russian-speaking groups often attacked banks in Russia and the CIS, but over the past year, this trend has changed. Now the attackers focus mainly on foreign banks and organizations," said experts.

"New hacker groups often start working in their region: this was the case with Cobalt, with Silence in Russia, this is happening now with SilentCards in Africa. Home regions are a testing ground for them. Having worked out the techniques, they move on. For example, the same Russian-speaking groups focused on goals in Asia, Africa, Europe and America," added the representative of Group-IB.

Recall that in the world, according to Group-IB, there are five major hacker groups that hack financial institutions, three of them Cobalt, Silence and MoneyTaker are Russian-speaking.

A representative of Kaspersky Lab confirmed the statement about this trend. He noted that the attackers switched to the countries of Eastern Europe and the CIS, which are less protected.

"But a new generation of hackers will soon grow up who will again attack banks in their homeland," predicts the representative of Group-IB.

Experts have already recorded an increase in the number of Russian-speaking young people who are still engaged in "harmless attacks".

In addition, cyber experts Group-IB identified the most frightening trend of 2019. This is the use of cyberweapons in open military operations. According to the representative of the company, interstate conflicts have now acquired new features and cyber activity has begun to play a key role in this confrontation. Thus, experts found many previously unknown groups sponsored by states.

However, the activities of such hackers can go unnoticed for years. And their actions can destabilize the situation in the states, as well as cause social and economic damage.