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Black Box: A New ATM Attack that Diebold Nixdorf Warns Off

A unique kind of ATM attack has come to surface called "Black Box." ATM developer Nixdorf warns the financial sector to stay on alert. The attack was widespread accross Europe recently. The Black Box ATM attacks are similar to Jackpotting, in which hackers make the ATMs dispense out cash in piles. Hackers use jackpotting to attach a malware in the ATM or use a black box instead. "Some of the successful attacks show a new adapted Modus Operandi on how the attack is performed.
"Although the fraudster is still connecting an external device, at this stage of our investigations, it appears that this device also contains parts of the software stack of the attacked ATM," says Diebold.

In the case of black-box attacks, the hacker tampers with the ATM's external casing and gets access to the port. The hacker can also put a hole in the machine to find internal wires and connectors. Once the hacker has access, he connects the black-box with the ATM through a laptop, building a connection with the internal systems. After this, the hacker then has control over the command options and uses it to dispense cash out of the ATM.

These kinds of jackpotting attacks on ATMs have happened for a decade. The jackpotting attacks have been quite famous among gangs, as the method is very cost-effective and profitable. Jackpotting attacks are more straightforward compared to cloning cards, ATM skimming, and laundering money, which consumes quite a lot of time. Another reason for the popularity of black-box attacks is that the noob hackers (amateur) don't have to spend a lot of money to get a black box. One can purchase a device and launch an ATM attack without having to spare a lot of time.

"In recent incidents, attackers focus on outdoor systems and are destroying parts of the fascia to gain physical access to the head compartment. Next, the USB cable between the CMD-V4 dispenser and the special electronics, or the cable between special electronics and the ATM PC, was unplugged. This cable is connected to the black box of the attacker to send illegitimate dispense commands," says Diebold on his website.

State Bank of India Issues Warning of Juice Jacking

In recent months there has been a rise in cyber-frauds with people losing money on online payment or digital transactions. As digital transactions increase so do hackers get more and more creative in their ways of siphoning money. Cons where people accidentally reveal OTP and pins have become quite common but now a new malware has shown up. As such, the country's prominent bank State Bank Of India issued a warning against Juice Jacking also known as USB charging scam.

A new technique that infects mobile phones with malware when they are connected to public charging ports and steal their personal information. What is Juice Jacking? Juice Jacking is stealing your personal information via a USB port. Hackers have developed a simple benign-looking USB port like a gadget that is attached to charging sockets at public places. Once the user connects his phone to this charging device the USB port infects the phone with malware. Then this malware gets active and sends personal information like contact details, emails, messages, photos, private videos, and sensitive financial credentials to the hacker. The miscreant then uses this information to siphon user's money.

The media reports, "Hackers adjust ports on these charging stations with sophisticated USB-like widgets that don’t look unusual for most. Once a user connects to one of these malicious ports, the device bypasses the phone’s security to steal the contents of the phone, including bank details, emails, messages, photos, and private videos, by injecting malicious software." Weeks earlier California Los Angeles County District Attorney department also issued a similar warning of Juice Jacking to locals and travelers.

Now, SBI also warns people to not charge their phones and other devices from public charging portals at station and airports.

How to protect your phone? 
Don't ever plug your phone to USB charging ports.
Always use two pins AC electrical outlets.
Better bring your charger or power bank as prevention is better than cure.
Avoid charging your phone at a public place like a metro station.