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Gothic Panda and Stone Panda: Chinese Hackers that Launched Mass Cyber Attacks on Indian Companies

Chinese hackers launched more than 40,000 attacks

Two Hacking groups from China named Gothic Panda and Stone Panda have been identified for organizing the majority of the cyber attacks on Indian companies in June 2020. Mumbai Mirror reported was the first to know about the incident. On 20th June, it published a report on its website regarding the issue. As per the cybersecurity experts, the word is that both the hacking groups are likely to work independently and not state-sponsored; however, they work in the interests of the Chinese government. According to experts, an anonymous source said that the attacks were launched under the disguise of VPN and Proxy Servers. After investigation, the attacks led us to Gothic Panda and State Panda, say the officials.

Chinese hackers launched more than 40,000 attacks. The hackers had used some unique malware to gain confidential data of the companies and later used the information for extortion. According to the reports, the hackers broke into at least six private/public companies' safety procedures. These include a government-regulated organization in Jammu and Kashmir and companies operating in New Delhi and Mumbai. The attacks were traced back to Souther Western Chinese province named Sichuan. These players also attempted to take down websites linked to companies that were involved in banking and finance.

The hackers used DDoS attacks (Distributed Denial of Service) and Internet Protocol Hijack. Experts say that these attacks, also called 'Probes,' look for vulnerabilities in a website's security features. In an incident where the hackers were able to crash the website, the home page was modified, and the content was changed with a foreign language. Experts say that there were no other successful probes except this incident.

In a DDoS attack, the hacker tries to rupture a cyber network, such as a website. For example, if a website page's utility provider's limit is 5000 requests/second, the hackers will pile it up with 5,00,000 requests/second and crash the website. Whereas in an Internet Protocol Hijack, the hacker tries to divert the course of traffic. In this case, the internet traffic was diverted through China for surveillance purposes.
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