Cape May-Lewes Ferry Confirms Credit Card Data Breach


The Cape May – Lewes Ferry has confirmed its payment data systems were infiltrated by hackers who took payment card data on certain systems at the Cape May-Lewes Ferry’s terminals and vessels.

Delaware River and Bay Authority(DRBA) that operates the Cape May – Lewes Ferry learned of a possible data breach on July 30 - The same day Jimmy John's learned of the data breach.

The organization with the help of third-party cyber forensic experts has determined that its card processing systems relating to food, beverage , and retail sales only were compromised.

Credit and Debit card data of individuals who have made purchases from September 20, 2013 through August 7, 2014 at the Cape May – Lewes Ferry ’s terminals and vessels at risk.

The malware planted by the cyber criminals has been eliminated.  The card data accessed by the malware includes card numbers, cardholder's names and/or card expiration dates.

DRBA is offering free identity protection services, including credit monitoring to affected customers.

PHP has fixed several vulnerabilities allowing remote code execution


The PHP development team has released new versions in order to fix three security vulnerabilities -one of them is said to be a critical one and leads to remote code execution.

The vulnerability identified as "CVE-2014-3669" can cause an integer overflow when parsing specially crafted serialized data with the unserialize ().The vulnerability is only a 32-bit system, but the danger is caused by the breach and that the serialized data often come from user-controlled channels.

In addition, the updates have been corrected errors associated with the introduction of a null byte in the library cURL, calling the damage dynamic memory during processing of the modified data as a function of exif_thumbnail () in image processing (CVE-2014-3670), as well as buffer overflow in the function mkgmtime () from the module XMLRPC (CVE-2014-3668).

These vulnerabilities were discovered by the Research lab of IT security company High-Tech Bridge.

The new versions 5.6.2,5.5.18 and 5.4.34 address these three vulnerabilities.

Russian Hackers use Windows 0-Day exploit to hack NATO, Ukraine

Russian Hackers, dubbed the "sandworm team", have been found exploiting a previously unknown vulnerability in Microsoft's Windows Operating systems, reports iSight.

The group has used this zero-day exploit to hack computers used by NATO, Ukraine Government, European Telecommunications firms, Energy sectors and US academic organization.

The attack starts with a spear-phishing email containing a malicious power point document that exploits the vulnerability and infects victims machine with a malware.

"The vulnerability exists because Windows allows the OLE packager (packager .dll) to download and execute INF files."the report reads.

".. When handling Microsoft PowerPoint files, the packagers allows a Package OLE object to reference arbitrary external files, such as INF files, from untrusted sources... This will cause the referenced files to be downloaded in the case of INF files, to be executed with specific commands"

The vulnerability is reportedly affecting all versions of the windows operating systems from Vista SP1 to Windows 8.1.  It also affects Windows servers 2008 and 2012.

A Bug in Bug Tracker "Bugzilla" exposes Private Bugs


A critical vulnerability in the popular web-based Bug tracking tool "Bugzilla" allows hackers to view the details of any undisclosed vulnerabilities.

Bugzilla is an open source bug tracking program developed by Mozilla and being used by many large organizations including RedHat, Linux Kernel, Gnome, Apache.

Vulnerability researchers at Check Point Software Technologies reported the bug to Mozilla that allows anyone to register with email address of the targeted domain (for example, admin@mozilla.com) and bypass email validation.

Researcher exploited the vulnerability and managed to create administrator accounts for the Mozilla.org, Mozilla.com and Bugzilla.org.

Gervase Markham from Mozilla wrote a detailed technical post.  The attack method appears to be "HTTP Parameter Pollution(HPP)" technique.

OWASP Definition for HPP:
"Supplying multiple HTTP parameters with the same name may cause an application to interpret values in unanticipated ways. By exploiting these effects, an attacker may be able to bypass input validation, trigger application errors or modify internal variables values."
Patch:
Mozilla has released a security update that not only patches this privilege escalation vulnerability but also few other bugs including Cross Site scripting and Information Leak.

Everything you need to know about Bash Bug "ShellShock"


A new critical security vulnerability in the BASH shell, the command-line shell used in many Unix and Linux operating systems, leaves a large number of systems at security risk. The bug also affects Mac OS X.

CVE Number: CVE-2014-6271

Technical Details: 

Here is technical details of the vulnerability, posted by Florian Weimer in Seclists:

"Bash supports exporting not just shell variables, but also shell functions to other bash instances, via the process environment to (indirect) child processes.  Current bash versions use an environment variable named by the function name, and a function definition starting with “() {” in the variable value to propagate function definitions through the environment.

The vulnerability occurs because bash does not stop after processing the function definition; it continues to parse and execute shell commands following the function definition.  For example, an environment variable setting of

  VAR=() { ignored; }; /bin/id

will execute /bin/id when the environment is imported into the bash process. (The process is in a slightly undefined state at this point. The PATH variable may not have been set up yet, and bash could crash after executing /bin/id, but the damage has already happened at this point.) "

Proof of Concept:
env e='() { Ignored; }; echo Vulnerable' bash -c "echo Hello"

Running the above command in Linux Terminal prints "vulnerable" and "Hello".So what exactly is happening here.

The 'env' command used to either print a list of environment variables or run another utility in an altered environment without having to modify the currently existing environment.

Here, the utility is 'bash' that executes the 'echo hello' command - and the environment variable 'e' is imported into the 'bash' process.

The bash shell process the function definition "() { Ignored; };"and then executes the "echo vulnerable" command.

* You can use the above POC code to test whether your system is vulnerable or not.

Real world Attack Scenario:

CGI stores the HTTP headers in environment variables. Let's say the example.com is running a CGI application written in Bash script.

We can modify the HTTP headers such that it will exploit the shellshock vulnerability in the target server and executes our code.

POC:

curl -k http://example.com/cgi-bin/test -H "User-Agent: () { :;}; echo Hacked > /tmp/Hacked.txt"
Here, the curl is sending request to the target website with the User-Agent containing the exploit code.  This code will create a file "Hacked.txt" in the "/tmp" directory of the server.

Who should be worried?
An attacker needs to send a malicious environment variable to an application that interacting with the Internet and this application should have either written in Bash or execute bash script within the app. So, Normal Desktop users are likely not affected by this bug.

However, if you are admin of a website and running CGI app written in BASH or using Bash script, You should be worried.

Metasploit Module:

A Metasploit Module has been released that exploits a code injection in specially crafted environment variables in Bash, specifically targeting Apache mod_cgi scripts through the HTTP_USER_AGENT variable.

You can find the module here.

Malware:
Cyber Criminals are already started to exploit this vulnerability for the malicious purpose.  A malware(ELF format) named as 'Linux/Bash0day', found by @yinettesys.

"Cybercriminals exploit bash 0day to get the ELF malware into web servers. ELF scans routers IP and sends exploit busybox to hack routers and doing DDoS." Malware Must Die who analyzed the malware told EHN.

"If exploit busybox hits the target, they will try to gain shell /bin/sh & brute the default login/passwords commonly used by routers"


Strings contained in the Malware sample

At the time of writing, the detection ratio in Virustotal is 0/55.

You can find the malware sample and more details of the malware at KernelMode website.

Wormable:
Robert Graham of Errata Security says the bug is wormable.  He wrote a script that scans the Internet and finds the vulnerable machines. So far, he found nearly 3,000 vulnerable systems on port 80.

"Consequently, even though my light scan found only 3000 results, this thing is clearly wormable, and can easily worm past firewalls and infect lots of systems." Graham wrote in his blog post.

DHCP RCE Proof of Concept:
https://www.trustedsec.com/september-2014/shellshock-dhcp-rce-proof-concept/


ModSecurity Rules:
RedHat has posted several mod_security rules that helps to prevent the attack:

Request Header values:

SecRule REQUEST_HEADERS "^\(\) {" "phase:1,deny,id:1000000,t:urlDecode,status:400,log,msg:'CVE-2014-6271 - Bash Attack'"

SERVER_PROTOCOL values:

SecRule REQUEST_LINE "\(\) {" "phase:1,deny,id:1000001,status:400,log,msg:'CVE-2014-6271 - Bash Attack'"

GET/POST names:

SecRule ARGS_NAMES "^\(\) {" "phase:2,deny,id:1000002,t:urlDecode,t:urlDecodeUni,status:400,log,msg:'CVE-2014-6271 - Bash Attack'"

GET/POST values:

SecRule ARGS "^\(\) {" "phase:2,deny,id:1000003,t:urlDecode,t:urlDecodeUni,status:400,log,msg:'CVE-2014-6271 - Bash Attack'"

File names for uploads:

SecRule  FILES_NAMES "^\(\) {"  "phase:2,deny,id:1000004,t:urlDecode,t:urlDecodeUni,status:400,log,msg:'CVE-2014-6271  - Bash Attack'" 
Patch:
A Patch has been released which ensures that no code is allowed after the end of a Bash function.  If you try to run the exploit code after applying the patch, you will get the following error message:



Unfortunately, the patch is incomplete, it still can be bypassed.  There is a workaround here, but it is not advisable. "CVE-2014-7169" has been assigned for the incomplete fix.

If you think we missed any information, feel free to comment here, we will add it to the article.

---------------------------------

Additional details:
This details isn't for you if you already know how export functions,'env' commands work :

Bash Export function-definition feature: 



Defining a function in Bash script:

       hello(){ echo "Hello World";}

Calling function in Bash script:
   hello

Create a child bash process and call our user-defined function:
bash -c hello

It won't work, because the child bash process doesn't aware that there is user-defined function called "hello". So, what to do?! Let us add the 'hello' function to the environment variable with Export command:

export -f hello

This will export the 'hello' function to the child process.  Let's try to create the child bash process again:

bash -c hello

Now the function is called without a problem.


We can achieve the samething in a single line with 'env' command. Let me first explain what 'env' command does.



'env':


The 'env' command used to either print a list of environment variables or run another utility in an altered environment without having to modify the currently existing environment.

Let's try to print environment variables with bash(creating child process):

bash -c printenv



The above command will print environment variables. Using 'env' command, you can pass a temporary environment variables to the child process:

env e="hello" bash -c printenv


Now, If you check the printed environment variables, you can find the "e='hello" in the result :)

Function passing with env command:

env hello='() { echo Hello World;};' bash -c hello

Jimmy Johns hit by Point of Sale(POS) Malware

Jimmy John's is the latest company hit with Point-Of-Sale(POS) information breach. 

The Illinois based sandwich shop said it learned of the hack on July 30 and immediately hired security experts to help with the investigation.

In July, Brian Krebs reported that multiple financial institutions were seeing fraud on cards that had all recently been used at Jimmy John's locations.  He also reported that the stores are using pos systems made by a third party vendor Signature Systems Inc.  At the time,  the breach was not confirmed.  After nearly two months, the company confirmed it.

According to the company's statement, hackers stole log-in credentials from its POS vendor and used them to gain access to Jimmy John's POS systems.

The Signature Systems also confirmed the breach that attackers gained access to user name and password that they used to remotely access the POS systems.

The attackers then installed a malware which is designed to capture payment card data from cards that were swiped through terminals.

The information including card number, verification code, expiration date and card holder's name are at risk. The company says the information entered online such as email ids,passwords are not affected.

The incident affected approximately 216 Jimmy John's stores.

Data Breach at TripAdvisor's Viator affects 1.4 million customers, card information stolen

The travel site Viator, a subsidiary of TripAdvisor, has suffered a data breach that has compromised customer's information which includes payment card information.

The company is in the process of notifying nearly 1.4 million customers about the breach.  Of that number, approximately 880,000 people had their payment card data compromised(credit/debit card number, expiration date, name, billing address, email address).

A further 560,000 customers had their account information including email IDs, hashed passwords and nickname accessed by the attackers.

The company said that at this time they have no reason to believe customer's card security codes had been compromised.  They company also said that they don't collect debit PIN numbers, so it could not be compromised.

Viator became aware of the breach after receiving a notification from its payment card service provider that unauthorized charges occurred on a number of our customers' credit cards.

The company said it hired forensic experts to investigate the incident and to identify how their systems may have been impacted.

It is also offering a free identity protection services and credit card monitoring services for those affected individuals.



jQuery.com reportedly hacked to serve malware


JQuery.com, the official website of the popular javascript library JQuery(used by nearly 70% of top 10,000 websites), had reportedly been compromised and had served credential stealing malware. 

RiskIQ announced that they had detected a malicious script in jquery.com that redirects visitors to a website hosting the RIG Exploit kit.

The redirector domain(jquery-cdn[dot]com) used in this attack has been registered on September 18, the same day on which the attack was detected by RiskIQ.  RiskIQ believes that this domain was intended specifically to blend into the website.

The good news is that RiskIQ found no indication suggesting that the JQuery library itself has been affected.  Otherwise, many additional websites using the JQuery CDN to load the JQuery library would also have been affected.

The people at JQuery.com says they found no logs or evidence that their server was compromised.

"So far the investigation has been unable to reproduce or confirm that our servers were compromised. We have not been notified by any other security firm or users of jquery.com confirming a compromise." JQuery.com blog post reads.

Vulnerability in Android default browser allows attackers to hijack Sessions


A Serious vulnerability has been discovered in the Android default browser(AOSP) that allows a malicious website to bypass "Same Origin Policy(SOP)" and steal user's data from other websites opened in other tabs. AOSP browser is the default browser in Android versions older than 4.4. 

What is Same Origin Policy?
SOP plays an important role in the Web Security, restricts a website from accessing scripts and data stored by other websites.  For example, the policy restricts a site 'Y' from accessing the cookies stored by site 'X' in user's browser.

Same Origin Policy Bypass:
Rafay Baloch, a security researcher, found a security flaw in the "Same Origin Policy" system used by the AOSP browser.  The bug allows the website 'Y' to access the scripts and user's data stored by website 'Y'.

Imagine You are visiting attacker's website while your webmail is opened in another tab, the attacker is now able to steal your email data or he can steal your cookies and could use it to compromise your mail account.

Proof of Concept:
<iframe name="test" src="http://www.example.com"></iframe>
<input type=button value="test"
onclick="window.open('\u0000javascript:alert(document.domain)','test')" >


"Its because when the parser encounters the null bytes, it thinks that the string has been terminated, however it hasn't been, which in my opinion leads the rest of the statement being executed." Rafay said in his blog.

Metasploit Module:
Rafay published the poc on his blog in August.  However, it remained largely unnoticed until rapid7 released a metasploit module that exploits the vulnerability.
http://www.rapid7.com/db/modules/auxiliary/gather/android_stock_browser_uxss

This browser also known for the remote code execution vulnerability, has been discontinued by Google. But older versions of Android do come with this browser.

What you should do?
Stop using the default android browser, Use Google Chrome or Mozilla.

About 5 million Gmail IDs and passwords leaked

Around 5 million Gmail user names and related passwords have been leaked in Russian Bitcoin security forum.

Is Google got hacked?
No, the leak was not the result of a security breach of Google systems.  The dump is said to have been obtained from other websites.

So, if you have used the same password used anywhere else, your gmail account could be compromised.

Google's response
"We found that less than 2% of the username and password combinations might have worked, and our automated anti-hijacking systems would have blocked many of those login attempts. We’ve protected the affected accounts and have required those users to reset their passwords." Google wrote.

What You should do?
  • There are few websites available online to check whether your gmail ID have been compromised or not.  My suggestion is don't use them.  I suggest everyone to change the password.(I believe most of the people keep the same password for years, so it's better to change now).
  • If you have not enabled 2-step-factor feature, it is good to enable it.
  • Never use the gmail password in any other websites.

A Test server of HealthCare.gov infected with malware



Hackers managed to breach a server which is part of HealthCare.gov and managed to upload a malicious software.

The server in question is a test server that was not meant to be connected to the Internet, it reportedly doesn't contain consumer personal information. 

The incident was originally reported by the Wall Street Journal.  The attackers broke into the server in july but the security breach was only detected on August 25 during routine review of security logs.

Department of Health and Human Services said the website was not specifically targeted.  The malware used in this attack was likely to perform denial of service attacks on the other websites.

The malware has been removed from the server.

Indexeus.org website hacked by Pernicious Developers 2014

A day after Security blogger Brian Krebs published an article entitled "Even Script Kids Have a Right to Be Forgotten", hackers breached the Indexeus website(indexeus.org)

Yesterday, Krebs wrote an article about "Indexeus" which is a new search engine containing database of stolen user names and passwords from more than 100 data breaches.

According to KrebsOnSecurity, the database contained stolen credentials from the recent Yahoo and Adobe breaches.


The site also contained databases of few hacker forums that have been hacked. It seems to have ticked off many hackers.  Today, the website was defaced by hacker group Pernicious Developers.

"This is the Original Pernicious Developers, we're still here. Even if you don't know which version of the group who did this." The defacement message reads.  At the time of writing, the website shows a blank page. 

Owner of the Indexeus has replied in one of the threads in HackForums about the hack:



Mirror:
http://www.zone-h.org/mirror/id/22702440

*Update:
The hacker group have provided a screenshot that shows they uploaded a backdoor shell to the affected website.


Hacking Any Facebook Accounts using REST API

Stephen Sclafani , a Security Researcher, has discovered a critical security vulnerability in the Social Networking giant Facebook that allowed him to hack any facebook accounts.

Stephen just need your user ID, he can hack into your account and read private messages, view email addresses, create or delete notes, on top of that he can update status and upload photos and tag you friends,  on behalf you. 

"A misconfigured endpoint allowed legacy REST API calls to be made on behalf of any Facebook user using only their user ID" Stephen explained in his blog.

The Facebook REST API is said to be predecessor of Facebook’s current Graph API.  He managed to send request to server using this API such that it will update status on behalf of victim.


Stephen found this bug in April 23 and reported to Facebook.  After getting notification, Facebook permanently fixed the bug on April 30th. Facebook awarded $20,000 bounty to him for finding and reporting this bug.

Dailymotion website visitors redirected to malicious web page


Attackers managed to compromise the popular video sharing website dailymotion and redirected visitors to malicious web page that installs malware in victim's machine.

On June 28, Symantec researchers identified an iframe in Dailymotion.com which sends users to different website hosting Sweet Orange Exploit kit.

Sweet Orange Exploit Kit is a malware toolkit used by attackers to infect victim's machine with malware by exploiting software vulnerabilities on their machine.

The vulnerabilities that Sweet Orange attempts to exploit are : Java Vulnerability(CVE-2013-2460), Adobe Flash Player vulnerability(CVE-2014-0515), Internet Explorer Vulnerability(CVE-2013-2551).

If the user's machine is vulnerable, then Trojan.Adclicker was downloaded onto the victim’s computer.

"This malware forces the compromised computer to artificially generate traffic to pay-per-click Web advertisements in order to generate revenue for the attackers" the symantec researchers said.

Data Breach at Butler University affects over 163,000 individuals

Officials at Butler University have informed approximately 163,000 individuals that a data breach has compromised their personal information.

The breach came to light when police arrested an identity theft suspect who had a flash drive containing the personal information of some Butler University employees.

An internal investigation revealed that someone hacked into the university's computer network between November 2013 and May 2014.

According to the letter, the hacker had access to files containing names, date of birth, Social Security numbers and bank account information.

The university is offering one year free credit card monitoring service to those affected.


Syrian Electronic Army hacks Reuters


Reuters, the international news agency, was reportedly been hacked by the Syrian Electronic Army - a hacking group who support the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and attack news organizations.

Anyone who try to visit articles on the Reuters website were being redirected to the official website of the Syrian Electronic Army.

" Hacked by Syrian Electronic Army

Stop publishing fake reports and false articles about Syria!

UK government is supporting the terrorists in Syria to destroy it, Stop spreading its propaganda." The message posted in hacker's website reads.

According to rederic Jacobs reports, the Reuters wasn't directly compromised in this attack.  Instead, the group hacked into a third-party ad provider Taboola -which is used by Reuters to display ads.

This is not the first time the group has used such an approach to hack the websites.  Few days back, the group managed to redirect users of The Sunday Times website to their website, after they compromised a third-party server used by both sites.

Last year, the group managed to hack into the Outbrian and redirect the visitors of CNN, WashingtonPost and other news organizations to hackers' website.

Alleged "NullCrew" Hacker arrested by FBI

FBI has arrested a 20-year-old Tennessee man for allegedly conspiring to launch cyber attacks on a number of businesses and educational organizations.

Timothy Justin French, known online as 'Orbit', is believed to be part of the famous hacking group "NullCrew".  The group is best known for its hacking attacks against World Health Organization and PBS.  Earlier this year, the group also hacked into Bell Canada website.

According to the DOJ, the FBI with the help of 'confidential witness' approached members of the Nullcrew Team on Skype, Twitter and CryptoCat.

After gaining their trust, Fed's inside man engaged them in conversations that includes discussions on past,present and future attacks and their hacking techniques.

The FBI used the information gathered by witness to track the IP address of one of the computers used in some of the NullCrew attacks.

"The computer hacking charge in this case carries a maximum sentence of 10 years in prison and a $250,000 fine. If convicted, the court must impose a reasonable sentence under federal statutes and the advisory United States Sentencing Guidelines."

Dominos Pizza hacked, details of 650k customers stolen

Hackers who claimed to have compromised the database server of Domino's Pizza have demanded a ransom of €30,000 to prevent the public disclosure of customer's data.

The hacker group going by the name of Rex Mundi said they hacked into the servers of Domino's Pizza France and Belgium.

The hackers have managed to download more than 592,000 customer records from Dominos France and 58,000 records from Belgian website.

They claim the compromised database contained sensitive information such as customer's full names, addresses, phone numbers, delivery instructions, email IDs and passwords.

The group gave a deadline of 8PM CET for Dominos to pay them.

"If they do not do so, we will post the entirety of the data in our possession on the Internet." The group said.

Domino's France posted a series of tweets in which it acknowledged the hack and recommended users to change their passwords.

Avast community forum hacked, user names and passwords stolen

Antivirus firm Avast said it took its community forum offline following a hacking attack compromised its database.

User names, email addresses,nick names and passwords were compromised in this attack.  The breach did not involve any financial data, license or any other data.

While the passwords are hashed(SMF forum software uses SHA-1 with a salt to store passwords) , it will not take much time for a hacker to crack the hashes. The longer the password, the harder it is to crack.

According to Avast blog post, the security breach affects less than 0.2% (about 400,000) of Avast's 200 million users.

People who uses the same password on other websites are advised to change those passwords immediately. 

Until now, their forum used an open source community software called "Simple Machines Forum(SMF)".  It appears the Avast is using an outdated version of SMF.


Avast said it is now "We are now rebuilding the forum and moving it to a different software platform" which will be secure one.

Security Breach at TradeMotion affects customers of AutoNation

AutoNation, Inc, said to be one of the largest largest automotive retailer in the United States, is notifying its customers that hackers may have gained access to their personal and financial information.

AutoNation said one of their third party vendors 'TradeMotion' has experienced a cyber attack.

Websites of AutoNation including 'parts.autonationfordwhitebearlake.com', 'parts.championtoyotaofaustin.com' and 'www.discounttoyotaparts.com' which is maintained by TradeMotion affected by this breach.

The information accessed by hackers includes customers' names, street addresses, email addresses, telephone numbers and credit card numbers entered between March 5,2014 and May 2, 2014.

TradeMotion has contacted the FBI regarding the icident.

AutoNation advises customers to monitor their financial accounts closely and offers one year free identity theft protection to affected customers.